Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 401–408 | Cite as

Catalytic Conversion of Cellulose into 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Using [PSMIM]HSO4 and ZnSO4·7H2O Co-catalyst in Biphasic System

  • Yongli Xuan
  • Rong He
  • Bin Han
  • Tinghua Wu
  • Ying Wu
Original Paper


Production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was studied in 1-(3-sulfonic acid)-propyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate ([PSMIM]HSO4)–H2O/THF biphasic system with catalytic amount of ZnSO4·7H2O. The effects of various reaction parameters such as catalyst charge, reaction temperature and the volume ratio of water to tetrahydrofuran were investigated. The highest HMF yield of 58.8 % and TRS yield of 64.8 % were obtained at 160 °C for only 60 min by [PSMIM]HSO4 and ZnSO4·7H2O as co-catalyst. A possible mechanism was proposed to explain the high activity of [PSMIM]HSO4 and ZnSO4·7H2O as co-catalyst. After being separated from the organic phase, the aqueous phase could be reused and demonstrated stable activity after four successive runs.


[PSMIM]HSO4 ZnSO4·7H25-Hydroxymethylfurfural Microcrystalline cellulose Biphasic system 



This work was supported by Grants from the Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 21373188 and 21243010), Nature Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY12B03001).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongli Xuan
    • 1
  • Rong He
    • 1
  • Bin Han
    • 1
  • Tinghua Wu
    • 1
  • Ying Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Advanced Catalysis Materials, Institute of Physical ChemistryZhejiang Normal UniversityJinhuaPeople’s Republic of China

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