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Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 373–381 | Cite as

Fuel Properties and Their Correlations with Fatty Acids Structures of Methyl- and Butyl-Esters of Afzelia africana, Cucurbita pepo and Hura crepitans Seed Oils

  • I. M. OgbuEmail author
  • V. I. E. Ajiwe
Short Communication

Abstract

Properties of biodiesels are determined by the structural features of the fatty acids and the alcohol used for the transesterification. With accurate knowledge of the influence of the molecular structures on the biodiesel properties, the composition of oils and alcohol can both be selected to give biodiesel of optimal performance. A study was carried out to investigate the fuel properties of methyl esters, butyl esters and esters/diesel blends of Cucurbita pepo, Afzelia africana and Hura crepitans seed oils. The correlations between the fatty acids structures and the fuel properties were evaluated and they provided vital information that will enable formulation of optimal biodiesel blends from the oil crops. Both methyl esters and butyl esters of the feedstocks exhibited good fuel properties and compared very well with petroleum diesel and can be used as alternative fuel.

Keywords

Methyl esters Butyl esters Seed oils Blending Fuel properties Correlations 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria, for their research laboratory facilities and also to O.A, Oje of Federal University Ndufu-Alike Ikwo for his assistance in statistical analyses of the data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pure and Industrial ChemistryNnamdi Azikiwe UniversityAwkaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry/Biochemistry/Molecular BiologyFederal University Ndufu-Alike IkwoNdufu-Alike IkwoNigeria

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