Advertisement

Indian Journal of Physics

, Volume 91, Issue 10, pp 1259–1264 | Cite as

Mechanically exfoliated 2D nanomaterials as saturable absorber for Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser

  • M. H. M. Ahmed
  • A. H. H. Al-Masoodi
  • A. A. Latiff
  • H. Arof
  • S. W. HarunEmail author
Short Research Communication

Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a passive, stable and low cost Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and black phosphorus (BP) saturable absorber (SA). Both MoS2 and BP SAs are prepared by mechanically exfoliating the crystal and fixing the acquired flakes onto the end surface of a standard FC/PC fiber connector. By integrating either MoS2 or BP SA into the laser cavity, a stable Q-switched operation is achieved at wavelengths of 1551.4 or 1552.9 nm respectively. Using the MoS2 SA, the repetition rate of the output laser increases from 14.25 to 38.43 kHz as the 980 nm pump power rises from 57 to 170 mW while its pulse width reduces from 10.7 to 5.02 μs. The maximum pulse energy was 141.3 nJ. On the other hand, with the BP SA, the repetition rate and pulse width fall in the ranges of 9.1–44.33 kHz and 20.75–7.04 μs respectively, as the pump power grows from 50 to 170 mW. The laser with the BP SA, produces the maximum pulse energy of 134 nJ. The experimental results indicate that MoS2 and BP SAs can be used to generate stable Q-switching pulses at 1.5 μm region successfully.

Keywords

2D nanomaterials MoS2 Black phosphorus Q-switching Passive saturable absorber 

PACS No.

42.60.Gd 

References

  1. [1]
    R Paschotta, R Häring, E Gini, H Melchior, U Keller, H Offerhaus and D Richardson Opt. Lett. 24 388 (1999)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    M H M Ahmed, N M Ali, Z S Salleh, A A Rahman, S W Harun, M Manaf and H Arof Opt. Laser Technol. 65 25 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    A Martinez and Z Sun Nat. Photon. 7 842 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    U Keller Nature 424 831(2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    D A Stetser and A J DeMaria Appl. Phys. Lett. 9 118 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    J Huang, S Huang, H Chang, K Su, Y Chen and K Huang Opt. Express 16 3002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    D P Zhou, L Wei, B Dong and W K Liu IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22 9 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Q Bao, H Zhang, Y Wang, Z Ni, Y Yan, Z X Shen, K P Loh and D Y Tang Adv. Funct. Mater. 19 3077 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    D Popa, Z Sun, T Hasan, F Torrisi, F Wang and A Ferrari Appl. Phys. Lett. 98 073106 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Z Sun, T Hasan, F Torrisi, D Popa, G Privitera, F Wang, F Bonaccorso, D M Basko and A C Ferrari ACS Nano 4 803 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    F Bonaccorso and Z Sun Opt. Mater. Express 4 63 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Y Chen, J Analytis, J H Chu, Z Liu, S K Mo, X L Qi, H Zhang, D Lu, X Dai and Z Fang Science 325 178 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    H Zhang, C X Liu, X L Qi, X Dai, Z Fang and S C Zhang Nat. Phys. 5 438 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    C Zhao, H Zhang, X Qi, Y Chen, Z Wang, S Wen and D Tang Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 211106 (2012)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Y Chen, C Zhao, H Huang, S Chen, P Tang, Z Wang, S Lu, H Zhang, S Wen and D Tang J. Lightwave Technol. 31 2857 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Z Luo, Y Huang, J Weng, H Cheng, Z Lin, B Xu, Z Cai and H Xu Opt. Express 21 29516 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    K Wang, J Wang, J Fan, M Lotya, A O’Neill, D Fox, Y Feng, X Zhang, B Jiang and Q Zhao ACS Nano 7 9260 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    H Zhang, S B Lu, J Zheng, J Du, S C Wen, D Y Tang and K P Loh Opt. Express 22 7249 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    R I Woodward, E J Kelleher, T H Runcorn, S V Popov, F Torrisi, R T Howe and T Q Hasan CLEO (2014)Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    H Li, H Xia, C Lan, C Li, X Zhang, J Li and Y Liu IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27 69 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    S Wang, H Yu, H Zhang, A Wang, M Zhao, Y Chen, L Mei and J Wang Adv. Mater. 26 3538 (2014)Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Y Huang, Z Luo, Y Li, M Zhong, B Xu, K Che, H Xu, Z Cai, J Peng and J Weng Opt. Express 22 25258 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    F Xia, H Wang and Y Jia Nat. Commun. 5 4458 (2014)Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    H O Churchill and P Herrero Jarillo Nat. Nanotechnol. 9 330 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    V Tran, R Soklaski, Y Liang and L Yang Phys. Rev. B, PRB 89 235319 (2014)Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    J Sotor, G Sobon, M Kowalczyk, W Macherzynski, P Paletko and K M Abramski Opt. Lett. 40 3885 (2015)Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    J Sotor, G Sobon, W Macherzynski, P Paletko and K M Abramski arXiv preprint arXiv 150404731 (2015)Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    A Al-Masoodi, M Ahmed, A Latiff, H Arof and S Harun Chin. Phys. Lett. 33 054206 (2016)Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    M H M Ahmed, A A Latiff, H Arof and S W Harun Laser Phys. Lett. 13 095104 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    E Ismail, N Kadir, A Latiff, H Ahmad and S Harun RSC Adv. 6 72692 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    A Martinez, K Fuse and S Yamashita Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 121107 (2011)Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    J Sotor, G Sobon, W Macherzynski, P Paletko, K Grodecki and K M Abramski Opt. Mater. Express 4 1 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    H Li, Q Zhang, C C R Yap, B K Tay, T H T Edwin, A Olivier and D Baillargeat Adv. Funct. Mater. 22 1385 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    K Wu, X Zhang, J Wang and J Chen Opt. Lett. 40 1374 (2015)Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    S Sugai and I Shirotani Solid State Commun. 53 753 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    A Castellanos-Gomez, L Vicarelli, E Prada, J O Island, K Narasimha-Acharya, S I Blanter, D J Groenendijk, M Buscema, G A Steele and J Alvarez 2D Mater. 1 025001 (2014)Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    Z Guo, H Zhang, S Lu, Z Wang, S Tang, J Shao, Z Sun, H Xie, H Wang and X F Yu Adv. Funct. Mater. 25 6996 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Y Chen, G Jiang, S Chen, Z Guo, X Yu, C Zhao, H Zhang, Q Bao, S Wen and D Tang Opt. Express 23 12823 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Photonics Research CenterUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations