Advertisement

Psychological Studies

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

Masculinity as Predictor of Rape-Supportive Attitude among Men

  • Prisca O. ObierefuEmail author
  • Oluyinka Ojedokun
Research in Progress
  • 100 Downloads

Abstract

Sexual aggression perpetrated by men is a serious health, social and interpersonal relationship problem in human society. The current study extends the existing literature in masculinity and rape-supportive attitude by exploring the role of masculinity and its subcomponents (i.e. hypermasculinity, sexual identity, dominance and aggression, conservative masculinity, and devaluation of emotion) in rape-supportive attitude. A survey using online questionnaire was used to collect data on rape myth, masculinity and its subcomponents from 107 men. The results indicated that masculinity, hypermasculinity, sexual identity, dominance and aggression, conservative masculinity, and devaluation of emotion contributed significantly to rape-supportive attitude. Limitations of the study and implications for research, education and intervention are discussed.

Keywords

Rape-supportive attitude Masculinity Hypermasculinity Sexual identity Dominance and aggression Conservative masculinity Devaluation of emotion 

Notes

References

  1. Bleecker, E. T., & Murnen, S. K. (2005). Fraternity membership, the display of degrading sexual images of women, and rape myth acceptance. Sex Roles, 53(1), 489–493.Google Scholar
  2. Bumby, K.M. (1996). Assessing the cognitive distortions of child molesters and rapists: development and validation of the molest and rape scales. Sexual Abuse, 8, 37–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burgess, G.H. (2007). Assessment of rape-supportive attitude and beliefs in college men: Development, reliability, and validity of the rape supportive attitude scale. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22, 973–993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burk, L. R., Burkhart, B. R., & Sikorski, J. F. (2004). Construction and preliminary validation of the Auburn Differential Masculinity Inventory. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 5(1), 4–17.  https://doi.org/10.1037/1524-9220.5.1.4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carr, J. L., & VanDeusen, K. M. (2004). Risk factors for male sexual aggression on college campuses. Journal of Family Violence, 19(5), 279–289.  https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOFV.0000042078.55308.4d.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Flood, M., & Pease, B. (2009). Factors influencing attitudes to violence against women. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 10(2), 125–142.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838009334131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Forbes, G. B., Adams-Curtis, L. E., & White, K. B. (2004). First and second generation of measures of sexism, rape myths and related beliefs, and hostility towards women: Their inter-relationships and association with college students’ experiences with dating aggression and sexual coercion. Violence Against Women, 10(3), 236–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hockett, J. M., Saucier, D. S., Hoffman, B. H., Smith, S. J., & Craig, A. W. (2009). Oppression through acceptance? Predicting rape myth acceptance and attitude towards rape victims. Violence Against Women, 15(8), 877–897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Katz, J. (2006). The macho paradox: Why some men hurt women and how all men can help. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks.Google Scholar
  10. Komorosky, D. (2003). Predictors of rape myth acceptance among criminology and non-criminology students. PhD Dissertation. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database.Google Scholar
  11. Lanier, C. A. (2001). Rape-accepting attitudes: Precursors to or consequences of forced sex. Violence Against Women, 7(8), 876–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Locke, B. D., & Mahalik, J. R. (2005). Examining masculinity norms, problem drinking and athletic involvement as predictors of sexual aggression in college men. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 52(3), 279–283.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lonsway, K. A., & Fitzgerald, L. F. (1995). Attitudinal antecedents of rape myth acceptance: A theoretical and empirical reexamination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4), 704–711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Malamuth, N.M., Heavey, C.L., & Linz, D. (1996). The confluence model of sexual aggression: Combining hostile masculinity and impersonal sex. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 23(3–4), 13–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mosher, D. L., & Anderson, R. D. (1986). Macho personality, sexual aggression, and reactions to guided imagery of realistic rape. Journal of Research in Personality, 20(1), 77–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mosher, D. L., & Sirkin, M. (1984). Measuring a macho personality constellation. Journal of Research in Personality, 18(2), 150–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Murnen, S. K., Wright, C., & Kaluzny, G. (2002). If “boys will be boys”, then girls will be victims? A meta-analytic review of the research that relates masculine ideology to sexual aggression. Sex Roles, 46(11), 359–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Parrot, D.J., & Zeichner A. (2003). Effects of hypermasculinity on physical aggression against women. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 4(1), 70–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Payne, D. L., Lonsway, K. A., & Fitzgerald, L. F. (1999). Rape myth acceptance: Exploration of its structure and its measurement using the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance scale. Journal of Research in Personality, 33(1), 27–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Resick, P. A. & Schnicke, M. K. (1993). Cognitive processing therapy for sexual assault victims. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(5), 748–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sherrod, N. B. (2003). A few good men: Distinguishing between men with high and low endorsement of rape supportive attitudes. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 63, 4235.Google Scholar
  22. Sierra, J. C., Santos-Iglesias, P., Gutiérrez-Quintanilla, R., Bermúdez, M. P., & Buela-Casal, G. (2010). Factors associated with rape-supportive attitudes: Sociodemographic variables, aggressive personality, and sexist attitudes. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 13(1), 202–209.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260514549196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Smith, D., & Stewart, S. (2003). Sexual aggression and sports participation. Journal of Sports Behaviour, 26(4), 384–395.Google Scholar
  24. Stephens, K. A., & George, W. H. (2009). Rape prevention with college men: Evaluating risk status. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(6), 996–1013.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260508319366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stöber, J. (2001). The Social Desirability Scale-17 (SDS-17): Convergent validity, discriminant validity, and relationship with age. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 17(3), 222–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Voller, E., Polusny, M. A., Noorbaloochi, S., Street, A., Grill, J., & Murdoch, M. (2015). Self-efficacy, male rape myth acceptance, and devaluation of emotions in sexual trauma sequelae: Findings from a sample of male veterans. Psychological Services, 12(4), 420–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zinzow, H. M., & Thompson, M. (2015). A longitudinal study of risk factors for repeated sexual coercion and assault in U.S. College men. Archives of Sexual Behaviour, 44(1), 213–222.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-013-0243-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© National Academy of Psychology (NAOP) India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forensic Psychology, School of PsychologyLondon Metropolitan UniversityLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Pure and Applied Psychology, Faculty of Social & Management SciencesAdekunle Ajasin UniversityAkungba-AkokoNigeria

Personalised recommendations