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Psychological Studies

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 59–69 | Cite as

How Five-Factor Personality Traits Affect Psychological Distress and Depression? Results from a Large Population-Based Study

  • Fatemeh Nouri
  • Awat FeiziEmail author
  • Hamid Afshar
  • Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli
  • Peyman Adibi
Research in Progress
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

The objective of this study was to explore the association of five factors personality traits, as predictor variables, with the depression and psychological distress as joint-dependent variables in an Iranian general population. NEO-big five, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) were used for collecting data regarding personality traits and psychological problems from 3177 participants in a cross-sectional population-based study. Our findings showed that higher neuroticism scores increase the risk of psychological distress and depression score (p < 0.05). Participants with higher extraversion scores experienced lower levels of depression and lower risk of psychological distress (p < 0.05). Furthermore, higher scores of conscientiousness significantly increase, while agreeableness decreases the scores of psychological distress (p < 0.05). It is suggested to perform longitudinal studies focusing on both genetic and environmental factors on the relationships between personality and psychological disorders.

Keywords

Depression Psychological distress Personality traits Shared random effect model 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to participants of SEPAHAN Project. The current study article was a research project at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, under Project No. 194130.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© National Academy of Psychology (NAOP) India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hypertension Research Center, Cardiovascular Research InstituteIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of HealthIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Psychosomatic Research CenterIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  5. 5.Integrative Functional Gastrointestinal DisordersIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  6. 6.Department of MedicineUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  7. 7.Department of Internal Medicine, School of MedicineIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran

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