Role of Space Qualities of Urban Parks on Mood Change
- 114 Downloads
Current literature shows an adequate evidence of the importance of urban parks on people health, especially to reduce stress. Nevertheless, space quality must be considered. This research presents people’s perception of the relationship between space quality of urban park and mood state after visiting urban parks. A questionnaire survey gleaned opinion from visitors in three popular urban parks in Gorgan city. Study showed that three variables of space qualities including “fresh air”, “tree and greening” and “flower” positively predicted mood state. The finding of this study also showed that attitudes towards “tree and greening” and “flower” were different. “Flower” was found as the most influential space quality to explain the mood state for women, while “tree and greening” was profound among men. The use of flowers is suggested as a means of making urban parks more relaxing and pleasant for women. The importance of green areas inclusive of trees and flowers should be considered for future urban planning. This insight also provides a strong reason for collaboration between health professionals and city planners.
KeywordsFlower Green space Gender Psychology Stress
This research was supported by Golestan University through a research grant (Project No: 93/71/19417).
- Abkar, M., Kamal, M. S. M., Mariapan, M., Maulan, S., Sheybani, M., & Beheshti, S. (2010). The role of urban green spaces in mood change. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(10), 5352–5361.Google Scholar
- Annerstedt, M., Norman, J., Boman, M., Mattsson, L., Grahn, P., & Wahrborg, P. (2010). Finding stress relief in a forest. Ecological Bulletin, 53, 33–44.Google Scholar
- Irvine, K. N., Warber, S. L., Devine-Wright, P., & Gaston, K. J. (2013). Understanding urban green space as a health resource: A qualitative comparison of visit motivation and derived effects among park users in Sheffield, UK. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(1), 417–442.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Kaplan, R., & Kaplan, S. (1989). The experience of nature: A psychological perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Santagati, D. C. (2009). How Using the Shin-Ka Program in a Japanese-style Healing Garden Will Influence the Treatment of Adolescent Substance Abusers. Ann Arbor: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.Google Scholar
- Stigsdotter, U. K., Ekholm, O., Schipperijn, J., Toftager, M., Kamper-Jorgensen, F., & Randrup, T. B. (2010). Health promoting outdoor environments-Associations between green space, and health, health-related quality of life and stress based on a Danish national representative survey. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38(11), 411–417.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Stigsdotter, U. K., & Grahn, P. (2003). Experiencing a garden: A healing garden for people suffering from burnout diseases. Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture, 14(5), 38–48.Google Scholar
- Ulrich, R. S. (1993). Biophilia, biophobia, and natural landscapes. In S. R. Kellert & E. O. Wilson (Eds.), The biophilia hypothesis (pp. 73–137). Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
- Yamane, K., Kawashima, M., Fujishige, N., & Yoshida, M. (2004, June). Effects of interior horticultural activities with potted plants on human physiological and emotional status. Paper presented at the International horticultural congress: Expanding roles for horticulture in improving human well-being and life quality, Toronto, Canada.Google Scholar