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Effects of Cultural Orientation, Self-Esteem, and Collective Self-Esteem on Well-Being

Abstract

This study examined a model of independent and interdependent self-construal, individual and collective self-esteem, and subjective well-being in a sample of college students from the mainland USA, Hawaii, and Japan. Specifically, the mediation role of individual as well as collective self-esteem in the effects of independent and interdependent self-construal on subjective well-being was explored. Results indicated that the hypothesized model fit well. The study found the direct effects of independent self-construal on subjective well-being in all three cultural groups. Collective self-esteem was a significant mediator of the effects of both independent and interdependent self-construal on subjective well-being only in the mainland USA. The negative effect of interdependent self-construal on collective self-esteem was observed only in the mainland USA. Better understanding of both universal and culture-specific aspects of collective self-esteem in promoting subjective well-being seems essential for further theoretical development as well as effective prevention/intervention efforts across three cultural groups.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research B (25285113), Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research C (17K04376), and Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research C (15K04142).

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Correspondence to Ayano Yamaguchi.

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Yamaguchi, A., Akutsu, S., Oshio, A. et al. Effects of Cultural Orientation, Self-Esteem, and Collective Self-Esteem on Well-Being. Psychol Stud 62, 241–249 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12646-017-0413-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12646-017-0413-y

Keywords

  • Collective self-esteem
  • Self-esteem
  • Cultural orientation
  • Well-being