Advertisement

Bovine cysticercosis in feedlot cattle in central region of Iran

  • Naser Gholami
  • Mahdi Mosayebi
  • Peyman Dehghan Rahim AbadiEmail author
  • Hamed Rasmi Atigh
  • Reza Sedaghat
  • Mohammad Hassan Naji Zadeh
  • Majid Farahani
Original Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

The cestode, Taenia saginata is a zoonotic tapeworm that it’s larval stage which known as Cysticercus bovis cause cyst formation in cattle’s organs such as heart, lung, liver, tongue, esophagus and diaphragm muscle, despite the infected cattle may show no clinical signs. Antemortem diagnosis of bovine cysticercosis can be made by antigen detecting ELISA. In a feedlot near city of Arak, beef cattle had different degrees of lethargy, dullness, unthriftiness and were reluctant to move. In postmortem examination of cattle, samples were collected from heart tissue and stained by H&E method for light microscopic examination. 10 ml of blood samples were taken from jugular veins of 90 cattle that were going to be sent to slaughterhouse. Serums obtained from blood samples were investigated for presence of C. bovis antigen by ELISA assay. Soils and dusts from farm yard, pen’s floor, feed store and both toilets of workers and employer were sampled and evaluated for presence of parasite eggs by floating method. Cysticercus bovis antigen were identified in serums of 18 cattle; and also, samples from workers toilet was contaminated by eggs of T. saginata. This study showed that serologic methods in conjunction with meat inspection can be used for diagnosis of bovine cysticercosis. The aim of this study is to identify infected cattle with C. bovis by serologic methods before slaughter and determine microscopic characteristics of lesions on postmortem examination in central area of Iran.

Keywords

Cysticercus bovis Antigen detecting ELISA Meat inspection Iran 

Notes

Author’s contribution

Naser Gholami and Hamed Rasmi Atigh: act as farm veterinarian and sampling from cattle on the herd. Mahdi Mosayebi: acts as parasitologist; examination of fecal sample for presence of eggs of Taenia saginata and also performer of ELISA assay. Peyman Dehghan Rahim Abadi: acts as farm veterinarian, corresponding author, coordinator between researchers in the group and data collector. Reza Sedaghat: acts as veterinary pathologist, examination of tissue specimens. Mohammad Hassan Naji Zadeh: acts as reviewer of literature, contributor in article writing and following up cattle in abattoir and sampling. Majid Farahani: acts as senior veterinary student and sampling of cattle in abattoir.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Bogh HO, Gronvold J, Maeda GE, Nansen P, Lind P, Ilsoe B, Henriksen SA, Geerts S (1996) Experimental single and trickle infections of cattle with Taenia saginata: studies of immunodiagnosis. Res Vet Sci 60:64–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bundza A, Finley GG, Easton KL (1988) An outbreak of cysticercosis in feedlot cattle. Can Vet J 29:993–996Google Scholar
  3. Dorny P, Vercammen F, Brandt J, Vansteenkiste W, Berkvens D, Geerts S (2000) Sero-epidemiological study of Taenia saginata cysticercosis in Belgian cattle. Vet Parasithol 88:43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gonzalez SAC, Castillo JLR, Valencia GL, Hurtado RMB, Robles ESH, Navarro FJM (2015) Prevalence of Taenia saginata Larvae (Cysticercus bovis) in feedlot cattle slaughtered in a federal inspection type abattoir in northwest Mexico. Foodborne Pathog Dis 12(5):462–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hashemnia M, Shahbazi Y, Frajani Kish Gh (2016) Prevalence and pathological lesions of ovine cysticercosis in slaughtered sheep in western Iran. J Parasit Dis.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-015-0732-7 Google Scholar
  6. Hosseinzadeh S, Setayesh A, Shekarforoush SS, Fariman SH (2013) An epidemiological survey on the determination of Taenia saginata cysticercosis in Iran, using a PCR assay. Vet Rec.  https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.101269 Google Scholar
  7. Jahed Khaniki GhR, Raei M, Kia EB, Motevalli Haghi A, Selseleh M (2010) Prevalence of bovine cysticercosis in slaughtered cattle in Iran. Trop Anim 42:141–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kia EB, Masoud J, Yalda A, Mahmoudi M, Farahani H (2005) Study on human taeniasis by administering anti-taenia drug. Iran J Publ Health 34(4):47–50Google Scholar
  9. Lopes WDZ, Santos TR, Soares VE, Nunes JLN, Mendonça RP, De Lima RCA, Sakamoto CAM, Costa GHN, Thomaz-Soccol V, Oliveira GP, Costa AJ (2011) Preferential infection sites of Cysticercus bovis in cattle experimentally infected with Taenia saginata eggs. Res Vet Sci 90:84–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Maxie MG (2016) Hematopoietic system, alimentary system. In: Maxie MG (ed) Pathology of domestic animals, 6th edn. Elsevier, St. Louis, p 124Google Scholar
  11. McFaddena AMJ, Heathb DD, Morleya CM, Dornyc P (2011) Investigation of an outbreak of Taenia saginata cysts (Cysticercus bovis) in dairy cattle from two farms. Vet Parasithol 176:177–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Minozzo JC, Ferreira RL, De Castro EA, Lago O, Soccol VT (2002) Experimental bovine infection with Taenia saginata eggs: recovery rates and cysticerci location. Braz Arch Biol Technol 45(4):451–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mirzaei M, Nematolahi A, Ashrafihelan J, Rezaei H (2016) Prevalence of infection with the larval form of the cestode parasite Taenia saginata in cattle in northwest Iran and its zoonotic importance. Turk Parazitol Derg 40:190–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Oryan A, Goorgipour S, Moazeni M, Shirian S (2012) Abattoir prevalence, organ distribution, public health and economic importance of major metacestodes in sheep, goats and cattle in Fars, southern Iran. Trop Biomed 29(3):349–359Google Scholar
  15. Rostami S, Salavati R, Beech RN, Babaei Z, Sharbatkhori M, Fasihi Harandi M (2015) Genetic variability of Taenia saginata inferred frommitochondrial DNA sequences. Parasitol Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-015-4314-5 Google Scholar
  16. Silverman PH, Hulland TJ (1961) Histological observations on bovine cysticercosis. Res Vet Sci 2(3):248–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sterba J, Dykovi I (1978) Tissue reaction of the skeletal muscles of cattle both to a spontaneous and experimental infection with Cysticercus bovis. Folia Parasitol 25:347–354Google Scholar
  18. Vitt JP, Saunders AB, O’Brien MT, Mansell J, Ajithdoss DK, Hamer SA (2016) Diagnostic features of acute Chagas myocarditis with sudden death in a family of boxer dogs. J Vet Intern Med 30:1210–1215CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naser Gholami
    • 1
  • Mahdi Mosayebi
    • 2
  • Peyman Dehghan Rahim Abadi
    • 3
    Email author
  • Hamed Rasmi Atigh
    • 3
  • Reza Sedaghat
    • 4
  • Mohammad Hassan Naji Zadeh
    • 3
  • Majid Farahani
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Shahid ChamranAhvazIran
  2. 2.Department of Parasitology, School of MedicineArak University of Medical SciencesArākIran
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Anatomy and Pathology, School of MedicineShahed UniversityTehranIran
  5. 5.School of Veterinary Medicine, Garmsar BranchIslamic Azad UniversityGarmsarIran

Personalised recommendations