Population dynamics of cestode, Circumonchobothrium shindei (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea Carus, 1863) in the freshwater eel, Mastacembelus armatus Lacépède, 1800 from River Godavari, Rajahmundry

Abstract

The freshwater eel, Mastacembelus armatus Lacépède, 1800 is often found infected with adults and larval plerocercoids of the cestode, Circumonchobothrium shindei. The population dynamics of C. shindei was studied in the freshwater eel, M. armatus during September 2005 to August 2007 from Godavari River, Rajahmundry. A total of 494 eels were examined; 184 (37.24 %) were infected with this cestode. Infection intensity ranged from 1 to 13 for C. shindei and their plerocercoids. C. shindei occupy the position of secondary species in community structure of metazoan parasites of M. armatus, with mean intensity, mean abundance and index of infection (2.5 ± 1.22; 1.1 ± 1.45 and 0.57 respectively). The present investigation deals with monthly population dynamics of C. shindei in M. armatus which summarizes percentage of prevalence, intensity, abundance and index of infection. Medium sized fish depicted more infection with this cestode and female fish illustrates comparatively higher infection rate than male fish.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Belghyti D, Berrada-Rkhami O, Boy V, Aguesse P, Gabrian C (1994) Population biology of two helminth parasites of flatfishes from the Atlantic coast of Morocco. J Fish Biol 44(6):1005–1021

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bush AO, Lafferty KD, Lotz JM, Shostak AW (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. J Parasitol 83(4):575–583

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Daniel WW (1998) Biostatistics: a foundation for analysis in the Health Sciences, 8th edn. Wiley, New York

    Google Scholar 

  4. Day F (1994) The fishes of India, being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and freshwaters of India, Burma and Ceylon, vol I & II. Fourth Indian report

  5. De Lizama M, Los AP, Takemoto RM, Pavanelli GC (2005) Influence of host sex and age infracommunities of metazoan parasites of Prochilodus lineatus (Val, 1836) (Prochilodontidae) of the Upper Paraná River Floodplain, Brazil. Parasite 12:299–304

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. European Food Safety Authority (2010) Scientific opinion on risk assessment of parasites in fishery products. EFSA panel on biological hazards. Parma, Italy

  7. Fartade A, Sushil J, Sunita B (2011) Biochemistry of Ptychobothridean parasites in freshwater fish, M. armatus. Rec Res Sci Tech 3(3):6–8

    Google Scholar 

  8. Fernandez BJ (1985) Estudio parasitológico de Merluccius australis (Hutton, 1872) (Pisces: Merluccidae): apectos sistemáticos, estadisticos y zoogeograficos. Bol Soc Biol Concepción Chile 56:31–41

    Google Scholar 

  9. Grabda-Kazubski B, Baturo-Warsza-wska B, Pojmanska T (1987) Dynamics of parasite infestations of fishes in Lakes Dgal Wielki and Warnaik in connection with introduction of phytophagous species. Acta Parasitol Pol 32:1–28

    Google Scholar 

  10. Hanek G, Fernando CH (1978a) The role of season, habitat, host age, and sex on gill parasites of Lepomis gibbous (L.). Can J Zool 56:1247–1250

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Hanek G, Fernando CH (1978b) The role of season, habitat, host age, and sex on gill parasites of Ambloplites rupestris (Raf.). Can J Zool 56:1251–1253

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Hiware CJ, Jadhav BV, Mohekar AD (2003) Applied parasitology. A practical manual. Mangaldeep, Jaipur

    Google Scholar 

  13. Jayaram KC (1981) The fresh water fishes of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka––a handbook. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta

    Google Scholar 

  14. Kadam KN, Dhole JS (2011) New species of the genus Circumonchobothrium (Shinde, 1968) (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea Carus, 1863) from a freshwater fish, Osmanabad. India Rec Res Sci Tech 3(8):14–18

    Google Scholar 

  15. Kennedy CR (1975) Dispersion of parasites within a host-parasite system. In: Kennedy CR (ed) Ecological animal parasitology. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  16. Kumar S (2012) Aggression of cestode, Polyonchobothrium yamunica in enhanced body size of freshwater eel, Mastacembelus armatus in river Yamuna. India Int J Adv Biol Res 2(4):666–670

    Google Scholar 

  17. Kumar S, Jaiswal N, Malhotra SK, Capoor VN (2007) Taxometric assessment of organisms in ichthyoparasitology of an Indian sub-humid region. III––Cestodes. Polyonchobothrium yamunica n.sp. from Mastacembelus armatus in river Yamuna at Allahabad. J Life Sc 4:19–22

    Google Scholar 

  18. Lawrence JL (1970) Effects of season, host age and sex on endohelminths of Catostomi commersoni. J Parasitol 56:567–571

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Llewellyn J (1962) The life histories and population dynamics of monogenean gill parasites of Trachurus trachurus (L). J Mar Biol Assoc UK 42:587–600

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Luque JL, Amato JFR, Takemoto RM (1996) Comparative analysis of the communities of metazoan parasites of Orthopristis rubber and Haemulon steindachneri (Osteichthyes: Haemulidae) from the Southeastern Brazilian littoral: I. Structure and influence of size and sex of the hosts. Rev Brasil Biol 56:279–292

    Google Scholar 

  21. Machado MH, Pavanelli GC, Takemoto RM (1994) Influence of host’s sex and size on endoparasitic infrapopulations of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans and Schizodon borelli (Osteichthyes) of the high Paraná river, Brazil. Rev Brasil Parasitol Veterin 3:143–148

    Google Scholar 

  22. Madhavi R, Vijayalakshmi C, Shyamasundari K (2007) Collection, staining and identification of different helminth parasites. A manual of the workshop on fish parasites––taxonomy capacity building. Andhra University Press, Visakhapatnam

    Google Scholar 

  23. Margolis L, Esch GW, Holmes JC, Kuris AM, Schad GA (1982) The use of ecological terms in parasitology (report of an Adhoc committee of the American Society of parasitologists). J Parasitol 68:131–137

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Mc Vicar AH (1977) Intestinal helminth parasites of ray, Raja naevus in British waters. J Helminthol 51:11–21

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Munro ISR (1982) The marine and freshwater fishes of Ceylon. Soni reprints agency, Delhi Indian reprint

    Google Scholar 

  26. Muzzall PM (1980) Population biology and host-parasite relationships of Triganodistomum attenuatum (Trematode: Lissorchidae) infecting the white sucker, Catostomus commersoni (Lacépède). J Parasitol 66(2):293–298

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  27. Pennycuick L (1971a) Seasonal variation in the parasite infection in a population of three-spined sticklebacks, Gastersteus aculeatus. Parasitology 63:373–388

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. Pennycuick L (1971b) Difference in the parasite infection in three spined stickle backs (Gasterosteus aculeatus) of different sex, age and size. Parasitology 63(3):407–408

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Preston DL, Johnson PTJ (2010) Ecological consequences of parasitism. Nat Educ Knowl 1(8):39

    Google Scholar 

  30. Rahman MR, Parween S, Ara H (1998) A brief report on two helminth endoparasites from M. armatus Lacépède. Univ J Zool Rajshahi Univ 17:75–77

    Google Scholar 

  31. Robert R, Thomas A, William TS, Anthony JF, Cornelia MW (2008) Protective immunity against helminths susceptibility to helminth infection. In: Robert R, Rich MD, Thomas A, Fleisher MD, Shearer WT, Schroeder HW II, Frew AJ, Weyand CM (eds) Clinical immunology: principal and practice. Elsevier, Mosby Ch. 25

    Google Scholar 

  32. Roubal FR (1990) Seasonal changes in ectoparasite infection of juvenile yellowfin bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Günther) (Pisces: Sparidae), from a small estuary in Northern New South Wales. Aust J Mar Freshwater Res 41:411–427

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Shotter RA (1973) Changes in the parasite fauna of whiting Odontogadus merlangus L. with age and sex of the host, season, and from different areas in the vicinity of the Isle of Man. J Fish Biol 5:559–573

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Snedecor WG, Cochran GW (1967) Biostatistical methods, 6th edn. Iowa State University press, Iowa, p 593

    Google Scholar 

  35. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ (2000) Biometry. The principles and practice of statistics in biological Research, 3rd edn. W.H. Freeman & Company, New York

    Google Scholar 

  36. Sugunan VV, Mitra K, Vinci GK (2002) Ornamental fishes of West Bengal. Classic Printers, Kolkata

    Google Scholar 

  37. Sundara Rao PSS, Richard F (1996) An introduction to biostatistics. A manual for students in Health Sciences. Prentice-Hall, New Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  38. Takemoto RM, Pavanelli GC (1994) Ecological aspects of proteocephalidean cestodes parasites of Paulicea leutkeni (Steindachner) (Osteichthyes: Pimelodidae) from the Paraná river, Paraná, Brazil. Rev Unimar 16:17–26

    Google Scholar 

  39. Takemoto RM, Pavanelli GC (2000) Aspects of ecology of proteocephalid cestodes parasites of Sorubim lima (Pimelodidae) of the upper Paraná river, Brazil: Structure and influence of host’s size and sex. Rev Brasil Biol 60:577–584

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  40. Tripathi SD (2004) Ornamental fishes: Breeding, culture and trade. In: Das RC, Sinha A, Datta S, Ghosh S (eds) Proceedings of the national seminar on prospects of ornamental fish breeding and culture in eastern and northeastern India. Central Institute of Fisheries Education (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Kolkata, pp 17–42

    Google Scholar 

  41. Valtonen ET, Prost M, Rakhonen R (1990) Seasonality of two gill monogeneans from two freshwater fish from an oligotrophic lake in Lake in Northeast Finland. J Parasitol 20(1):101–107

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  42. Vankara AP, Mani G, Vijayalakshmi C (2011) Metazoan parasite infracommunities of the freshwater eel, Mastacembelus armatus Lacépède, 1800 from river Godavari. India Int J Zool Res 7(1):19–33

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

First author is grateful to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research for providing financial assistance as JRF and SRF.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anu Prasanna Vankara.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Vankara, A.P., Vijayalakshmi, C. Population dynamics of cestode, Circumonchobothrium shindei (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea Carus, 1863) in the freshwater eel, Mastacembelus armatus Lacépède, 1800 from River Godavari, Rajahmundry. J Parasit Dis 39, 287–291 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-013-0345-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Mastacembelus armatus
  • Circumonchobothrium shindei
  • Plerocercoids
  • Prevalence
  • Intensity
  • Abundance
  • Index of infection