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Coprological investigation on neonatal bovine cryptosporidiosis in Ludhiana, Punjab

Abstract

An overall prevalence of 38.90 % was recorded for bovine cryptosporidiosis on coprological examination of 144 faecal samples collected from neonatal cattle calves from organised dairy farms in and around Ludhiana, Punjab by modified Ziehl–Neelsen staining. Further, a gradual decline in the percent prevalence was seen with increase in the age of the host from <1 month (64.1 %) to 4–5 months (12.5 %). The highest prevalence was recorded during the monsoon season (47.06 %) followed by summer (37.73 %) and winter (30.0 %) season and the seasonal variation was statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05). Female calves showed higher prevalence (44.32 %) than their male counterparts (27.66 %). Further, prevalence of cryptosporidiosis was significantly higher (p ≤ 0.05) in the diarrhoeic calves (52.70 %) as compared to the non-diarrhoeic (24.28 %) thus indicating a relatively higher risk (1.75 times) of the disease in diarrhoeic than normal calves.

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Correspondence to S. A. Bhat.

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Bhat, S.A., Juyal, P.D., Singh, N.K. et al. Coprological investigation on neonatal bovine cryptosporidiosis in Ludhiana, Punjab. J Parasit Dis 37, 114–117 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-012-0143-y

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Keywords

  • Cryptosporidium spp.
  • mZN staining
  • Prevalence