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Para-clinico-pathological observations of insidious incidence of canine hepatozoonosis from a mongrel dog: a case report

Abstract

A rare case of canine hepatozoonosis in a mongrel dog with para-clinico-pathological observations has been reported. The study included detailed haemato-biochemical changes at two stages, i.e. before treatment and after treatment with adopted therapy. Before therapy, blood picture revealed normocytic hypochromic anaemia and neutrophilic leucocytosis with variable counts of platelets. Thirty-seven percent of neutrophils were found infected with gametocytes of Hepatozoon canis. Following treatment, further decrease in haemoglobin value with a relative increase in lymphocyte count was seen. Biochemically, increase in alkaline phosphatase, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels along with hyperproteinemia was seen. The 14 days chemotherapy did not bring a respite for the dog and the level of parasitaemia was 33% after the treatment. The alkaline phosphatase and creatinine level further rose up following therapy with sulphadiazine and clindamycin. Continual study is required to explain the best possible therapeutic combination to deal H. canis.

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Correspondence to Paramjit Kaur.

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Kaur, P., Deshmukh, S., Singh, R. et al. Para-clinico-pathological observations of insidious incidence of canine hepatozoonosis from a mongrel dog: a case report. J Parasit Dis 36, 135–138 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-011-0092-x

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Keywords

  • Hepatozoon canis
  • Haemato-biochemical parameters
  • Mongrel dog
  • Treatment