Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 33, Issue 1–2, pp 57–64 | Cite as

Characterization of the glutamate dehydrogenase activity of Gigantocotyle explanatum and Gastrothylax crumenifer (Trematoda: Digenea)

  • S. M. A. Abidi
  • P. Khan
  • M. K. Saifullah
Original Article


Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) (EC is a ubiquitous enzyme, which is present at the protein and carbohydrate metabolism crossroads. The enzyme activity was investigated in biliary and rumen amphistomes, Gigantocotyle explanatum and Gastrothylax crumenifer, respectively, infecting the Indian water buffalo Bubalus bubalis. The enzyme activity was consistently higher in G. explanatum as compared to G. crumenifer, where NAD(H) was utilized as coenzyme and the pH optima was recorded at 8. The Km and Vmax values for α-ketoglutarate were 2.1 mM and 9.09 units in G. explanatum, whereas 3.03 mM and 1.90 units in G. crumenifer, respectively. Among the allosteric modulator nucleotides, AMP, ADP, ATP, GMP, CMP and UMP, only AMP enhanced GLDH activity in G. crumenifer while ADP was stimulatory in G. explanatum. The amino acid leucine stimulated the GLDH activity in both the amphistomes while alanine was stimulatory only in G. crumenifer. Pronounced interspecific differences in response to different metabolic inhibitors like diethyldithiocarbamate, semicarbazide hydrochloride and mercurial ions were also observed. The osmotic stress alters the enzyme activity, particularly in hypertonic saline the GLDH activity increased significantly (p < 0.01) in G. explanatum, while insignificant effects were observed in rumen dwelling G. crumenifer. Histoenzymology revealed region/tissue specific distribution of GLDH with prominent staining in tissues like vitellaria, lymph system and tegument/subtegument, thus showing specific distribution of GLDH indicating differential metabolic state. Such intergeneric differences in GLDH activity could also be a consequence of occupying different microenvironments within the same host.


Glutamate dehydrogenase Kinetics Allosteric modulators Osmotic stress Gigantocotyle explanatum Gastrothylax crumenifer 


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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Parasitology, Department of ZoologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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