Skip to main content

Conducting Polymer Based Gas Sensor Using PNIN- Gate All Around - Tunnel FET

Abstract

In the present work, the n + source pocket PIN gate all around tunnel FET (PNIN-GAA-TFET) based gas sensor has been proposed. Various analyte gases such as hexane, methanol, isopropanol, dichloromethane, and chloroform have been examined for their sensitivity and stability. The sensing of various analyte gases relies on the fact of work function modulation of the conducting polymer (used as gate) on the exposure of the gas vapors. Subsequently, the work function modulation of the conducting polymer gate alters the characteristics of the device that is calibrated for examining the sensitivity of the proposed gas sensor. The shift in the subthreshold current after the exposure of the analyte gas has been used as a sensing metric. Moreover, the influence of ambient temperature, conduction path, i.e., the channel radius and the oxide thickness of gate on the sensitivity and the characteristics of the proposed gas sensors have also been examined. The employment of the proposed PNIN-GAA-TFET based gas sensor may fulfill the perpetual demands of chemical and pharmaceutical industries, biomedical diagnostics, environmental monitoring and automotive industries by offering a low power, highly sensitive and reliable analyte gas detection.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Jayaswal N, Raman A, Kumar N, Singh S (2019) Design and analysis of electrostatic-charge plasma based Dopingless Igzo vertical nanowire Fet for ammonia gas sensing. Superlattice Microst 125:256–270

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Deng Y (2019) Sensing devices of semiconducting metal oxides gas sensors’, semiconducting metal oxides for gas sensing. Springer

  3. Lundström I, Armgarth M, Spetz A, Winquist F (1986) Gas sensors based on catalytic metal-gate field-effect devices. Sensors Actuators 10(3–4):399–421

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Pourasl AH, Ariffin SHS, Ahmadi M, Gharaei N, Rashid RA, Ismail R (2019) Quantum capacitance model for Graphene Fet-based gas sensor. IEEE Sensors J 19(10):3726–3732

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Mokkapati S, Jaiswal N, Gupta M, Kranti A (2019) Gate-all-around nanowire junctionless transistor-based hydrogen gas sensor. IEEE Sensors J 19(13):4758–4764

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Akbari E, Nilashi M, Buntat Z (2019) Analytical investigation of superior gas sensor based on phosphorene. Microsyst Technol 25(3):897–903

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Banerjee N, Roy S, Sarkar CK, Bhattacharyya P (2013) High dynamic range methanol sensor based on aligned Zno nanorods. IEEE Sensors J 13(5):1669–1676

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Sahay P, Nath R (2008) Al-doped Zno thin films as methanol sensors. Sensors Actuators B Chem 134(2):654–659

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Fong JK, Pena JK, Xue Z-L, Alam MM, Sampathkumaran U, Goswami K (2015) Optical sensors for the detection of trace chloroform. Anal Chem 87(3):1569–1574

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Sharma S, Nirkhe C, Pethkar S, Athawale AA (2002) Chloroform vapour sensor based on copper/polyaniline nanocomposite. Sensors Actuators B Chem 85(1):131–136

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Zheng J, Zhang W, Cao J, Su X, Li S, Hu S, Li S, Rao Z (2014) A novel and highly sensitive gaseous N-hexane sensor based on thermal desorption/cataluminescence. RSC Adv 4(41):21644–21649

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Yang P, Ye X, Lau C, Li Z, Liu X, Lu J (2007) Design of efficient zeolite sensor materials for N-hexane. Anal Chem 79(4):1425–1432

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Li S-H, Chu Z, Meng F-F, Luo T, Hu X-Y, Huang S-Z, Jin Z (2016) Highly sensitive gas sensor based on Sno2 nanorings for detection of isopropanol. J Alloys Compd 688:712–717

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Josowicz M, Janata J (1986) Suspended gate field effect transistors modified with polypyrrole as alcohol sensor. Anal Chem 58(3):514–517

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Madan J, Chaujar R (2016) Palladium gate all around - hetero dielectric -tunnel Fet based highly sensitive hydrogen gas sensor. Superlattice Microst 100:401–408

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Sarkar D, Gossner H, Hansch W, Banerjee K (2013) Tunnel-field-effect-transistor based gas-sensor: introducing gas detection with a quantum-mechanical transducer. Appl Phys Lett 102(2):023110

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Tamersit K, Djeffal F (2016) Double-gate graphene nanoribbon field-effect transistor for DNA and gas sensing applications: simulation study and sensitivity analysis. IEEE Sensors J 16(11):4180–4191

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Hangarter CM, Bangar M, Mulchandani A, Myung NV (2010) Conducting polymer nanowires for chemiresistive and Fet-based bio/chemical sensors. J Mater Chem 20(16):3131–3140

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Persaud KC (2005) Polymers for chemical sensing. Mater Today 8(4):38–44

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Janata J, Josowicz M (2003) Conducting polymers in electronic chemical sensors. Nat Mater 2(1):19–24

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Janata J, Josowicz M (1998) Chemical modulation of work function as a transduction mechanism for chemical sensors. Acc Chem Res 31(5):241–248

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Janata J, Josowicz M (1997) Peer reviewed: a fresh look at some old principles: the kelvin probe and the Nernst equation. Anal Chem 69(9):293A–296A

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Blackwood D, Josowicz M (1991) Work function and spectroscopic studies of interactions between conducting polymers and organic vapors. J Phys Chem 95(1):493–502

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Madan J, Chaujar R (2017) Gate drain Underlapped-Pnin-Gaa-Tfet for comprehensively upgraded analog/Rf performance. Superlattice Microst 102:17–26

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Madan J, Chaujar R (2017) Numerical simulation of N+ source pocket pin-Gaa-tunnel Fet: impact of Interface trap charges and temperature. IEEE Trans Electron Devices 64(4):1482–1488

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Silvaco I (2011) Atlas User’s manual. Santa Clara, CA, Ver, 5

  27. Chen Z, Yu H, Singh N, Shen N, Sayanthan R, Lo G, Kwong D-L (2009) Demonstration of tunneling Fets based on highly scalable vertical silicon nanowires. IEEE Electron Device Letters 30(7):754–756

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Knoch J, Mantl S, Appenzeller J (2007) Impact of the dimensionality on the performance of tunneling Fets: bulk versus one-dimensional devices. Solid State Electron 51(4):572–578

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Lee JS, Choi WY, Kang IM (2012) Characteristics of gate-all-around hetero-gate-dielectric tunneling field-effect transistors. Jpn J Appl Phys 51(6S):06FE03

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Verhulst AS, Sorée B, Leonelli D, Vandenberghe WG, Groeseneken G (2010) Modeling the single-gate, double-gate, and gate-all-around tunnel field-effect transistor. J Appl Phys 107(2):024518

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support from Microelectronics Research Laboratory, Delhi Technological University to carry out the work. The author, Dr. Jaya Madan thanks to Dr. Rajnish Sharma from Chitkara University for his continuous support during the preparation of the manuscript.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Rahul Pandey or Rishu Chaujar.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Madan, J., Pandey, R. & Chaujar, R. Conducting Polymer Based Gas Sensor Using PNIN- Gate All Around - Tunnel FET. Silicon 12, 2947–2955 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-020-00394-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-020-00394-5

Keywords

  • Conducting polymer
  • Gas sensor
  • Sensitivity
  • Work function modulation
  • n + source pocket
  • Tunnel FET