Activity Evaluation of Ni-M (Ag, Cr and Mo) Supported on Zr-Containing Composites in Competitive Elimination of Benzene from Aromatic Mixture


Bimetallic nickel catalysts were prepared by the co-impregnation method and evaluated for the competitive benzene hydrogenation at the temperature range of 150–210 °C. Benzene hydrogenation is very noticeable, not only because of compliance with the environmental regulations to reduce the carcinogenic effects of this substance, but also to produce the valuable chemicals for preventing the degradation of fuel quality (octane number). Nickel containing bimetallic composites were characterized using FT-IR, X-ray diffraction, SEM, N2 adsorption-desorption and EDX techniques. The effects of some factors such as promotor type and reaction temperature on activity, selectivity and specific rates of catalysts were investigated. The Best results of the conversion and selectivity were achieved at 170 °C and 150 °C, respectively, for NiMo/Zr-Kit-6-13X and NiAg/Zr-Kit-6-13X.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Wojcieszak R, Monteverdi S, Mercy M, Nowak I, Ziolek M, Bettahar MM (2004) Nickel containing MCM-41 and AlMCM-41 mesoporous molecular sieves: characteristics and activity in the hydrogenation of benzene. Appl Catal A 268:241–253

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Mohammadian Z, Peyrovi MH, Parsafard N (2019) Catalytic performance and kinetics study of various carbonaceous supported nickel nanoparticles for atmospheric pressure competitive hydrogenation of benzene. Chem Phys Lett 715:367–374

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Peyrovi MH, Rostamikia T, Parsafard N (2018) Competitive hydrogenation of benzene in reformate gasoline over Ni supported on SiO2, SiO2–Al2O3, and Al2O3 catalysts: influence of support nature. Energy Fuel 32:11432–11439

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Liu H, Fang R, Li Z, Li Y (2015) Solventless hydrogenation of benzene to cyclohexane over a heterogeneous Ru–Pt bimetallic catalyst. Chem Eng Sci 122:350–359

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Ortega-Domínguez RA, Vargas-Villagrán H, Peñaloza-Orta C, Saavedra-Rubio K, Bokhimi X, Klimova TE (2017) A facile method to increase metal dispersion and hydrogenation activity of Ni/SBA-15 catalysts. Fuel 198:110–122

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Mashkovsky IS, Baeva GN, Stakheev AY, Voskoboynikov TV, Barger PT (2009) Pd/Al2O3 catalyst for selective hydrogenation of benzene in benzene–toluene mixture. Mendeleev Commun 2:108–109

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Mohammadian Z, Peyrovi MH, Parsafard N (2018) Catalytic performance and kinetics study over novel Ni/activated carbon-FSM-16 catalysts in the BTX mixture for benzene selective hydrogenation. ChemistrySelect 3:12639–12644

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Choi DH, Ryoo R (2010) Template synthesis of ordered mesoporous organic polymeric materials using hydrophobic silylated KIT-6 mesoporous silica. J Mater Chem 20:5544–5550

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Pan Q, Ramanathan A, Snavely WK, Chaudhari RV, Subramaniam B (2013) Synthesis and dehydration activity of novel Lewis acidic ordered mesoporous silicate: Zr-KIT-6. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:15481–15487

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Abdelrahman E A, Hegazey R, El-Azabawy R E (2019) Efficient removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous media using Fe/Si, Cr/Si, Ni/Si, and Zn/Si amorphous novel adsorbents. J Mater Res Technol

  11. 11.

    Soni K, Rana BS, Sinha AK, Bhaumik A, Nandi M, Kumar M, Dhar GM (2009) 3-D ordered mesoporous KIT-6 support for effective hydrodesulfurization catalysts. Appl Catal B 90:55–63

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Peyrovi MH, Parsafard N, Peyrovi P (2014) Influence of zirconium addition in platinum–hexagonal mesoporous silica (Pt-HMS) catalysts for reforming of n-heptane. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:14253–14262

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Ma Y, Yan C, Alshameri A, Qiu X, Zhou C (2014) Synthesis and characterization of 13X zeolite from low-grade natural kaolin. Adv Powder Technol 25:495–499

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Abdelrahman EA, Hegazey R (2019) Exploitation of Egyptian insecticide cans in the fabrication of Si/Fe nanostructures and their chitosan polymer composites for the removal of Ni (II), Cu (II), and Zn (II) ions from aqueous solutions. Compos Part B 166:382–400

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Nassar MY, Abdelrahman EA, Aly AA, Mohamed TY (2017) A facile synthesis of mordenite zeolite nanostructures for efficient bleaching of crude soybean oil and removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous media. J Mol Liq 248:302–313

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Nassar MY, Abdelrahman EA (2017) Hydrothermal tuning of the morphology and crystallite size of zeolite nanostructures for simultaneous adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye. J Mol Liq 242:364–374

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Yang X, Zhou L, Chen C, Xu J (2010) Synthesis of Zr-MCM-41 by the assistance of sodium chloride in the self-generated acid conditions. Mater Chem Phys 120:42–45

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Treacy M M, Higgins J B (2007) Collection of simulated XRD powder patterns for zeolites fifth (5th) revised edition. Elsevier

  19. 19.

    Ramakrishna C, Gopi T, Shekar SC, Gupta AK, Krishna R (2018) Vapor phase catalytic degradation studies of diethyl sulfide with MnO/Zeolite-13X catalysts in presence of air. Environ Prog Sustain 37:1705–1712

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Therdthianwong S, Siangchin C, Therdthianwong A (2008) Improvement of coke resistance of Ni/Al2O3 catalyst in CH4/CO2 reforming by ZrO2 addition. Fuel Process Technol 89:160–168

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Wen Y, Ding H, Shan Y (2011) Preparation and visible light photocatalytic activity of Ag/TiO2/graphene nanocomposite. Nanoscale 3:4411–4417

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Ruiz AM, Sakai G, Cornet A, Shimanoe K, Morante JR, Yamazoe N (2003) Cr-doped TiO2 gas sensor for exhaust NO2 monitoring. Sensors Actuators B Chem 93:509–518

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Li M, Li G, Fan Y, Jiang J, Ding Q, Dai X, Mai K (2014) Effect of nano-ZnO-supported 13X zeolite on photo-oxidation degradation and antimicrobial properties of polypropylene random copolymer. Polym Bull 71:2981–2997

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Atchudan R, Pandurangan A (2013) Growth of ordered multi-walled carbon nanotubes over mesoporous 3D cubic Zn/Fe-KIT-6 molecular sieves and its use in the fabrication of epoxy nanocomposites. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 167:162–175

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Pushkarev VV, An K, Alayoglu S, Beaumont SK, Somorjai GA (2012) Hydrogenation of benzene and toluene over size controlled Pt/SBA-15 catalysts: elucidation of the Pt particle size effect on reaction kinetics. J Catal 292:64–72

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Bratlie KM, Kliewer CJ, Somorjai G (2006) Structure effects of benzene hydrogenation studied with sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy and kinetics on Pt (111) and Pt (100) single-crystal surfaces. J Phys Chem B 110(36):17925–17930

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


We would like to gratefully thank Mrs. Naderi (technical assistant of X-ray Laboratory). In addition, the authors gratefully acknowledge the Mr. Javadi Anaghizi (technical assistant of central laboratory of the Shahid Beheshti University) for help in the SEM and EDX and the headman (Dr. Jafari) of the instrumental laboratory of Chemistry Faculty.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to N. Parsafard.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mohammadian, Z., Peyrovi, M.H. & Parsafard, N. Activity Evaluation of Ni-M (Ag, Cr and Mo) Supported on Zr-Containing Composites in Competitive Elimination of Benzene from Aromatic Mixture. Silicon 12, 1943–1948 (2020).

Download citation


  • Benzene removal
  • Bimetallic composites
  • Activity
  • Specific rate