Skip to main content
Log in

Effect of Industrial Waste on Chemical and Water Absorption of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Composites

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Silicon Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Cement by-pass dust (CBPD) is a by-product of cement manufacturing plants, whereas the cenosphere flyash is generated by the coal based power plants. Cenosphere flyash and CBPD were used as particulate fillers to manufacture the bidirectional bamboo fiber reinforced polymer composites. In the present work two different sets of composites were fabricated using normal bidirectional bamboo fibers for one set and the alkali treated bidirectional bamboo fibers for the other set. For each set, filler materials were introduced with varying composition to fabricate the different samples. The fabricated samples are proposed to have a large number of industrial and civil engineering applications. In order to check their long term suitability, chemical resistance and water absorption properties were studied and a comparative analysis has been carried out between the different levels of fillers for both sets of composites. Composite samples with fillers were found to have good chemical resistance toward acids, solvents, and alkalis. These composites have also shown better water resistance over the corresponding neat composites (without fillers).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. S. Biswas, A. Mittal and G. Srikanth, tifac.org

  2. R.N. Turukmane, A.M. Daberao, P.P. Kolte and V.G. Nadiger (2016). A Review–Nano Technology in Textile composites. J Text. Engg. Process 2(3):19–22

  3. Ruuska A, Häkkinen T (2014) Material efficiency of building construction. Building 4:266–294

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Ettu EO (2014). Int. J. Engg Develop. Res. 3(1)

  5. Mahajan GV, Prof. V. S. Aher (2012). Int. J. Sci. Res Publications 2(11)

  6. Wambua P, Ivens J, Verpoest I (2003). Comp. Sci. Technol. 1259:63

  7. Pardo SG, Bernal C, Ares A, Abad MJ, Cano J (2010). Poly. Compos.31(10):1722

  8. Devi MS (1998) Utilization of flyash as filler for unsaturated polyester resin. J Appl PolymSci 69(7):1385–1391

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Singla M, Chawla V, Min J (2010). Mater. Charac. Engg. 9(3):199

    Google Scholar 

  10. Safiuddin M, Jumaat MZ, Salam MA, Islam MS, Hashim R (2010). J Phys Sci 5(13):1952

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Surappa MK (2003) Aluminium matrix composites: challenges and opportunities. Sadhana 28:319–334

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Rao RMVGK, Balasubramanian N, Chand M (1981). J Appl Polym Sci 4069:26

    Google Scholar 

  13. Aydın M, Tozlu H, Kemaloglu S, Aytac A, Ozkoc G (2011) Effects of alkali treatment on the properties of short flax fiber–poly(lactic acid) eco-composites. J Polym Environ 19(11):11–17

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Gupta A, Kumar A, Patnaik A, Biswas SR (2012). J Surf Engg Mat Adv Tech 2:149

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Baskaran R, Vinayagamoorthi S, Murugesan A, Gandhi S (2017). Int. J. Adv. Poly. Sci. Technol 7(1):1

    Google Scholar 

  16. Pappu A, Saxena M, Asolekar SR (2007). Build. Environ. 42(6):2311

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Deepthi MV, Sharma M, Sailaja RRN, Anantha P, Sampathkumaran P, Seetharamu S (2010) Mechanical and thermal characteristics of high density polyethylene–fly ash Cenospheres composites. Mater Des 31(4):2051–2060

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Atikler U, Basalp D, Tihminlioğlu F, Appl J (2006). Polym. Sci 102(55):4460

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Srivastava VK, Shembekar PS (1990). J Mater Sci 3513:25

    Google Scholar 

  20. Ahmaruzzaman M (2010). Prog. Energy Combust Sci 36(3):327

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Sharma J, Navin Chand MN (2012) Bapat. Results Physics 2(26)

  22. Thakur S, Chauhan SR (2013). Indian J Eng Mater Sci 20:539–548

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Al-Aghbari M, Dutta RK (2009). Int. J. Geo. Enviro. 1(1):19

    Google Scholar 

  24. Gupta A, Kumar A (2012). Asian J. Chem. 24(4):1831

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Sen T, Jagannatha Reddy HN (2011). Int Innov Technol 2(3):186

    Google Scholar 

  26. Reddy EVS, Rajulu AV, Reddy KH, Reddy GR, Reinforc J (2010). Plast. Compos. 29(14):2119

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Rajulu AV, Devi LG, Rao GB, Reddy RL, Reinforc J (2003). Plast. Compos. 22(11):1029

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. Rajulu AV, Rao GB, Reddy RL (2001). J. Reinforc. Plast. Compos 20(4):335

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. Gupta A (2015). J. Polym. Compos.37(1):141

  30. Yang GC, Zeng HM, Jian NB, Wb Z (1996). Acta Sci Nat Uni Sunyatseni 35:53

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  31. Thwea MM, Liao K (2002). Compos. A: AppL.Sci. Manufact. 33:43

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Thomasan JL (1995) The interface region in glass fibre-reinforced epoxy resin composites: 2. Water absorption, voids and the interface. Composites 26:477–485

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Ochi S (2014). Mater. Sci. Appl 1011:5

    Google Scholar 

  34. John K, Naidu SV (2007). J. Reinforc. Plast. Compos. 373:26

    Google Scholar 

  35. Venkata Reddy G, Noorunnisa Khanam P, Shobha Rani T (2007). Chemical resistance studies of kapok/glass and kapok/sisal fabrics reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composites. Bull. Pure App. Sci. Section C, Chem 26(1)

  36. Raghu K, Noorunnisa Khanam P, Naidu S V (2010). J. Reinf. Plast. Compos. 343:29

  37. Bledzki AK, Gassan J (1999) Composites reinforced with cellulose based fibres. Prog Polym Sci 24:221–274

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  38. Adekunle KF (2015). J Polym Chem 5:41

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. J. Zhu, H. Zhu, H. Abhyankar, J. Njuguna, Materials,6(11), 5171(2013)

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Author is thankful to Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology (Govt of India) for supporting this research under the Fast Track Proposal Young Scientists scheme. Author is the thankful to the reviewers of the manuscript for many helpful suggestions to improve the manuscript.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anu Gupta.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Gupta, A. Effect of Industrial Waste on Chemical and Water Absorption of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Composites. Silicon 12, 139–146 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-019-00108-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-019-00108-6

Keywords

Navigation