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Effect of Surface Roughness of 316 L Stainless Steel Substrate on the Morphological and Super-Hydrophobic Property of TiO2 Thin Films Coatings

  • Mahdi Mozammel
  • Mohammad Khajeh
  • Nasrollah Najibi Ilkhechi
Original Paper


In this study, TiO2 was coated on 316L stainless steel substrates via sol–gel/ dip coating method. The effects of surface roughness on the physical properties have been investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), FTIR and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to investigate the morphological properties, identification of simple mixtures of organic and inorganic compounds and structure of crystal, respectively. Also, the effect of roughness on the hydrophobic property of coating measured by water contact angle. Water contact angle increased from 142.5 to 168.5 by increasing the roughness. From wettability results indicated that roughness had significant effect on the hydrophobic property of thin films.


TiO2 Sol–gel Hydrophobic property Thin film 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahdi Mozammel
    • 1
  • Mohammad Khajeh
    • 1
  • Nasrollah Najibi Ilkhechi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Materials EngineeringSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran

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