Numerical Simulation of Shot Peening Process on Equal Channel Angular Pressed Magnesium Alloy
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This paper presents the numerical simulation of inducing residual stresses on equal channel angular pressed (ECAP) magnesium alloy by shot peening process. Mg-Al-Mn (AM) series magnesium alloy was ECAP processed up to 4 passes using route BC. Microstructures were analysed and grain size reduced from 100 µm for the as-received sample to 3 µm for ECAP 4 pass sample. Tensile test was carried out and maximum tensile strength was found in ECAP 2 pass sample and decreased with higher ECAP passes. Grain refinement was characterized by optical microscopy, electron backscatter diffraction analysis (EBSD) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Material (tensile) behaviour of 2 pass sample was implemented for finite element modelling. A finite element method was used to estimate the intensity of residual stresses developed due to shot peening in ECAP processed AM80 alloy. Simulation was done with different boundary condition such as impact velocity, geometry of shot-peen media, angle of impact and multiple impacts. The results are presented and the relationship between process parameters and the intensity of residual stresses are discussed. Increase in velocity of shot peening media showed an increase in the magnitude of residual stresses. Change in geometry of shot media altered the contact area between target and shot media during impact which influenced the magnitude of residual stresses and coverage area. The magnitude of residual stresses varied with the angle of impact and the multiple repeated impacts showed that the effective depth of residual stresses increased with the number of impacts.
KeywordsShot peening Numerical simulation AM80 ECAP EBSD XRD Residual stress Impact analysis
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The authors would like to acknowledge CSIR-NAL, Bangalore for extending their numerical simulation facility to carry out simulations. Also, we would like to thank Dr. Udaya Bhat, Associate professor, NITK, India for his support in providing the laboratory facility.
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