, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 913–920 | Cite as

Optical, Electrical and Photoresponse Properties of Si-based Diodes with NiO-doped TiO2 Film Prepared by Sol-gel Method

  • A. Tataroğlu
  • Abdullah G. Al-Sehemi
  • M. Ilhan
  • Ahmed A. Al-Ghamdi
  • F. Yakuphanoglu
Original Paper


The Ti1−xO2NixO films (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15) with various NiO contents were prepared by sol-gel technique. The prepared films were coated on n-Si substrate by spin coating technique. The optical and photoresponse properties of the fabricated Al/n-Si/Ti1−xO2NixO/Al diodes were investigated. The optical properties of the films were studied by transmittance and absorbance spectra. The photoconducting behavior of the diodes was investigated under various solar light intensities. The photocurrent of the diodes under illumination was higher than the dark current. This result confirms that the diodes exhibit both photoconducting and photodiode behavior. The photoresponsivity of the diodes are changed with NiO content.


NiO doped TiO2 films Diode Optical and photoresponse properties Photoconducting 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



Authors would like to acknowledge the support of the King Khalid University for this research through a grant RCAMS/KKU/002-16 under the (Research Center for Advanced Materials Science) at King Khalid University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


  1. 1.
    Wang M, Hu Y, Han J, Guo R, Xiong H, Yin Y (2015) J Mater Chem A 3:20727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yakuphanoglu F, Okutan M, Korkmaz K (2008) J Alloys Compd 450:39–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mo S-D, Ching WY (1995) Phys Rev B 51:13023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tian J, Gao H, Deng H, Sun L, Kong H, Yang P, Chu J (2013) J Alloys Compd 581:318–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Huang H, Jiang L, Zhang WK, Gan YP, Tao XY, Chen HF (2010) Solar Energy Mater Solar Cells 94:355–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cavas M, Gupta RK, Al-Ghamdi AA, Serbetci Z, Gafer ZH, El-Tantawy F, Yakuphanoglu F (2013) J Electroceram 31:260–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Huang H, Lu SX, Zhang WK, Gan YP, Wang CT, Yu L, Tao XY (2009) J Phys Chem Solids 70:745–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Macdonald TJ, Xu J, Elmas S, Mange YJ, Skinner WM, Xu H, Nann T (2014) Nanomaterials 4:256–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hotovy I, Liday J, Sitter H, Vogrinčič P (2002) J Electrical Eng 53:339–342Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dini D (2016) Phys Chem Commun 3:14–51Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chen J-Z, Chen T-H, Lai L-W, Li P-Y, Liu H-W, Hong Y-Y, Liu D-S (2015) Materials 8:4273–4286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Abdel Aal N, Al-Ghamdi AA, Al-Hazmi F, Fathia S, El-Tantawy F, Yakuphanoglu F (2015) J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 74:726–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sze SM, Ng KK (2007) Physics of semiconductor devices, 3rd edn. Wiley, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rhoderick EH, Williams RH (1988) Metal-semiconductor contacts, 2nd edn. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dalla Betta G-F (2011) Advances in photodiodes. InTech, IndiaCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Singh J (2003) Electronic and optoelectronic properties of semiconductor structures. Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hendi AA, Yakuphanoglu F (2016) J Alloys Compd 665:418–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Alyamani A, Tataroğlu A, El Mir L, Al-Ghamdi AA, Dahman H, Farooq WA, Yakuphanoğlu F (2016) Appl Phys A 122(1-7):297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Aksu Canbay C, Tataroglu A, Dere A, Ahmed Al-Ghamdi F, Yakuphanoglu J (2016) Alloys Compd 688:762–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kim HB, Lee HS (2014) Thin Solid Films 550:504–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tataroglu A, Tuncer H, Al-Ghamd AA, Dere A, Arif B, Yol S, Ozdemir N, El-Tantawy F, Yakuphanoglu F (2015) Synth Met 206:15–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yue L, Pu H, Pang S, Li H, Zhang Q (2012) Europhys Lett 97:67006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yakuphanoglu F, Gunduz B, Al-Ghamdi AA, Farooq WA, El-Tantawy F (2015) Sens Actuators A 234:212–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tung RT (2001) Phys Rev B 64:205310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kumar R, Chand S, Mater J (2014) Sci Mater Electron 25:4531–4537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nicollian EH, Goetzberger A (1967) Bell Syst Tech J 46:1055–1133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Çiçek O, Uslu Tecimer H, Tan SO, Tecimer H, Altndal S, Uslu I (2016) Comp Part B 98:260–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Karatas S, Gül Aydin M, Ozerli H (2016) J Alloys Compd 689:1068–1075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kazm S, Ali V, Zulfequar M, Mazharul Haq M, Husain M (2007) Phys B 393:310–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rose A (1963) Concepts in photoconductivity. Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mekki A, Ocaya RO, Dere A, Al-Ghamdi AA, Harrabi K, Yakuphanoglu F (2016) Synth Met 213:47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Huang H, Lu SX, Zhang WK, Gan YP, Wang CT, Yu L, Tao XY (2009) J Phys Chem Solids 70:745–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Moore JC, Thompson CV (2013) Sensors 13:9921–9940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cheng G, Wu X, Liu B, Li B, Zhang X, Dua Z (2011) Appl Phys Lett 99:203105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yakuphanoglu F, Tataroglu A, Al-Ghamdi AA, Gupta RK, Al-Turki Y, Serbetçi Z, Bin Omran S, El-Tantawy F (2015) Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 133:69–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Al-Ghamdi AA, Gupta RK, Al-Turki Y, El-Tantawy F, Yakuphanoglu F (2015) J Mater Electron Dev 1:11–14Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Tataroglu A, Dayan O, Ozdemir N, Serbetci Z, Al-Ghamdi AA, Dere A, El-Tantawy F, Yakuphanoglu F (2016) Dyes Pigment 132:64–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Khusayfan NM, Al-Ghamdi AA, Yakuphanoglu F (2016) J Alloys Compd 663:796–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Tataroğlu
    • 1
  • Abdullah G. Al-Sehemi
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • M. Ilhan
    • 5
  • Ahmed A. Al-Ghamdi
    • 6
  • F. Yakuphanoglu
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceKing Khalid UniversityAbhaSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Research Center for Advanced Materials ScienceKing Khalid UniversityAbhaSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Unit of Science and Technology, Faculty of ScienceKing Khalid UniversityAbhaSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and SciencesFirat UniversityElazigTurkey
  6. 6.Department of Physics, Faculty of SciencesKing Abdul Aziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations