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Promotion of Adhesion Between Resin and Silica-coated Titanium by Silane Monomers and Formic Acid Catalyst

Abstract

Three bifunctional silane coupling agent monomers and their blends with a cross-linking silane were investigated as six experimental adhesion-promoters in vitro. Three organosilane monomers, 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, styrylethyltrimethoxysilane, and 3-(N-allylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane, were prepared as 1% (v/v) primers and also blended with a cross-linking silane, 1,2-bis-(triethoxysilyl)ethane at 0.5% (v/v), in a 95:5 solution of ethanol in deionized water. The silanes were allowed to hydrolyze using formic acid as catalyst and were applied to a substrate of silica-coated Ti. The control was a pre-hydrolyzed silane coupling agent that is commonly used in dentistry. An experimental unfilled bis-phenol-A-diglycidyldimethacrylate/methylmethacrylate resin was bonded by photo-polymerization as stubs to the prepared Ti. Half of the specimens were artificially aged by wet thermo-cycling and half were stored in dry conditions in a desiccator. Storage conditions and the type of primer silane or blend significantly affected shear bond strength values. 3-Methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, alone or blended, produced significantly higher shear bond strength values than the control, both after dry storage and after thermo-cycling.

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Correspondence to Jukka P. Matinlinna.

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Matinlinna, J.P., Lassila, L.V. & Dahl, J.E. Promotion of Adhesion Between Resin and Silica-coated Titanium by Silane Monomers and Formic Acid Catalyst. Silicon 2, 87–93 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-010-9041-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-010-9041-z

Keywords

  • Formic acid
  • Silica-coating
  • Silica
  • Silane coupling agent
  • Silane monomer
  • Titanium