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Ursachen von Attraktivität und ihre Bedeutung für die ästhetische Medizin

Origins of attractiveness and their significance in aesthetic medicine

Zusammenfassung

Im Rahmen von Untersuchungen im Bereich der Attraktivitätsforschung lässt sich mithilfe von Morphing-Software ein Prototyp des attraktiven Frauengesichts erstellen. Dieses Gesicht ist das Ergebnis eines Konsens bezüglich bestimmter Attraktivitätsmerkmale wie braunere Haut, schmaleres Gesicht, längere Wimpern, höhere Wangenknochen, schmalere Nase, vollere Lippen etc., die „harmonisch“ zusammenspielen. Als besonders attraktiv bewertete Frauengesichter folgen dem sog. Kindchenschema. Diese Phänomene können mit der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen erklärt werden: Jugendliche und gesunde Frauen wurden von Männern schon immer als für die Fortpflanzung besonders geeignete Partnerinnen bevorzugt. Seit Jahrtausenden versuchen Frauen deshalb, diese Jugendmerkmale zu betonen: sei es durch das Färben der Haare, Verlängern der Wimpern, Betonen der Augen, Zupfen der Augenbrauen oder Entfernung der Körperbehaarung. Die ästhetische Chirurgie eröffnet seit einiger Zeit immer mehr Möglichkeiten in diesem Sinn; sie wird zunehmend genutzt und akzeptiert. Es findet ein Normen- und Wertewandel statt, der in Zukunft dazu führen wird, dass chirurgische Schönheitsmaßnahmen als selbstverständlich angesehen und ihre Nutzung mit einem höheren Sozialprestige verbunden sein werden.

Abstract

As part of analysis in the field of research into attractiveness, a morphing software is able to generate a prototype of the attractive female face. The face is the result of a consensus on particular features of attractiveness such as darker skin tone, slim face, long eyelashes, high cheek-bones, narrow nose, full lips, etc., which work together harmoniously. Those female faces evaluated as particularly attractive correspond to the scheme of childlike characteristics. This phenomenon can be explained by the evolutionary history of man: youthful and healthy women have always been preferred by men as more suitable partners for reproduction. For thousands of years, therefore, women have attempted to emphasise the characteristics of youth: be it by colouring hair, lengthening eyelashes, emphasising eyes, plucking eyebrows or removing body hair. For some time now, aesthetic surgery has been offering new opportunities in this direction, and is increasingly used and accepted. A change in norms and values is under way that will lead in the future to aesthetic surgery being seen as a matter of course, the use of which will be associated with greater social prestige.

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Gründl, M. Ursachen von Attraktivität und ihre Bedeutung für die ästhetische Medizin. J. f. Ästhet. Chirurgie 3, 23–29 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12631-009-0067-2

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Schlüsselwörter

  • Attraktivitätsforschung
  • Jugendmerkmale
  • Evolution
  • Schönheitschirurgische Maßnahmen
  • Werte- und Normenwandel

Keywords

  • Research into attractiveness
  • Characteristics of youth
  • Evolution
  • Aesthetic surgery
  • Change in norms and values