Table 1 Details of tracheal intubations in COVID-19 patients for Canadian participants in the intubateCOVID registry from 3 March to 7 August 2020

From: Risks to healthcare workers following tracheal intubation of patients with known or suspected COVID-19 in Canada: data from the intubateCOVID registry

Number of intubations 136
Patient COVID-19 status  
Confirmed 44 (32.4%)
Suspected 92 (67.6%)
Airway manager involvement  
Intubator/laryngoscopist 125 (91.9%)
Assistant 11 (8.1%)
Intubator/laryngoscopist  
Anesthesiologist 127 (93.4%)
Intensive care physician 6 (4.4%)
Others 3 (2.2%)
Airway assistant  
Anesthetic nurse 37 (27.2%)
Other nurse 22 (16.2%)
Anesthesiologist 15 (11.0%)
Other doctor 9 (6.6%)
Intensive care doctor 5 (3.7%)
Other healthcare provider 48 (35.3%)
Indication  
Deteriorating respiratory failure 80 (58.8%)
General anesthetic for surgery 24 (17.7%)
Cardiac arrest 16 (11.8%)
Airway protection for low Glasgow Coma Scale 10 (7.4%)
Endotracheal tube exchange 3 (2.2%)
Elective tracheostomy 1 (0.7%)
Other ICU airway manipulation 1 (0.7%)
Other indication 1 (0.7%)
Location  
ICU 61 (44.9%)
Emergency department 41 (30.1%)
Operating room 24 (17.6%)
General ward 5 (3.7%)
Other 5 (3.7%)
Rapid sequence induction 107 (78.8%)
First attempt laryngoscopy device  
Videolaryngoscope 124 (91.2%)
Direct laryngoscope 8 (5.8%)
Flexible bronchoscope 2 (1.5%)
Tracheostomy/front-of-neck access 2 (1.5%)
Use of bag-mask ventilation 19 (14.0%)
Use of supraglottic airway 4 (2.9%)
Final airway management device  
Endotracheal tube (oral) 132 (97.1%)
Emergency front-of-neck access 2 (1.5%)
Elective tracheostomy 1 (0.7%)
Supraglottic airway 1 (0.7%)
Number of attempts  
1 128 (94.1%)
2 6 (4.4%)
3 2 (1.5%)
Personal protective equipment  
Gloves 135 (99.3%)
Eyewear/faceshield 133 (97.8%)
Gown 132 (97.1%)
Apron 12 (8.8%)
Hat 129 (94.9%)
FFP2/N95 (or equivalent) 109 (80.1%)
FFP3/N99 (or equivalent) 19 (14.0%)
Surgical mask 17 (12.5%)
Plastic drape/plastic intubation box 10 (7.4%)
PAPR 5 (3.7%)
Procedures where WHO personal protective equipment standards were not met* 5 (3.7%)
Staff in the intubation room  
Median [IQR] 3 [3,4]
Min-max 2–12
  1. *One participant did not use eyewear and a gown/apron; one participant did not use any mask/respirator; two participants did not use gown/apron; one participant did not use gloves.
  2. COVID 19 = coronavirus disease; ICU = intensive care unit; IQR = interquartile range; FFP = filtering facepiece; PAPR = powered air-purifying respirator; WHO = World Health Organization.