Skip to main content

Research Note: An Introduction to the Economic Analysis of Open Data


Open data generally refers to a movement in which public organizations provide data in a machine-readable format to the public, so that anyone can reuse the data. Open data is becoming an important phenomenon in Japan. At this moment, utilization of open data in Japan is emerging with collaborative efforts among small units of production such as individuals. These collaborations have been also observed in the Open Source Software (OSS) movement, but collaboration in open data is somewhat different in respect to small-scale, distributed collaboration. The aim of this research note is to share the phenomena of open data as an object of economic analysis with readers by describing the movement and providing a preliminary analysis. This note discusses how open data is associated with mass collaboration from the viewpoint of organizational economics. It also provides the results of empirical analysis on how the regional characteristics of municipalities affect the decision of local governments to conduct open data initiatives.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Takagi S.: Development of Open Data Policy in Europe (in Japanese). Journal of Information Processing and Management. 55(10), 746-753 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Howison, J., Crowston, K.: Collaboration Through Open Superposition: A Theory of the Open Source Way. MIS Quarterly. 38(1), 29-50, 2014

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Ven, K., Sörensen, K., Verelst, J., Sevaux, M.: Stimulating information sharing, collaboration and learning in operations research with libOR. International Journal on Digital Libraries. 8(2), 79-90, 2008

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Tapscott, D., Williams, A.: Wikinomics. Atlantic Books, 2008

  5. 5.

    Howe, J.: Crowdsourcing: Why the Power of the Crowd is Driving the Future of Business. Crown Business, 2008.

  6. 6.

    Estellés-Arolas, E., González-Ladrón-de-Guevara, F.: Towards an Integrated Crowdsourcing Definition. Journal of Information Science. 38(2), 189-200. 2012

  7. 7.

    Brabham, D. C.: The Myth of Amateur Crowds. Information, Communication & Society. 15(3), 394-410, 2012

  8. 8.

    Gurin, J.: Open Data Now. McGaw-Hill Education, 2014

  9. 9.

    Takagi, S.: Utilizing Open Data: 7. International Preparation for the Reuse of Data (in Japanese). Jōhō Shori. 54(12), 1238-1243, 2013

  10. 10.

    Takagi, S.: Oushu Ni Okeru Open Data Seisaku Dōkō (in Japanese). Administration & Information Systems. June, 72-76, 2012

  11. 11.

    European Commission.: Press Release, Digital Agenda: Turning Government Data into Gold, 2011

  12. 12.

    Vickery, G.: Review of Recent Studies on PSI Re-use and Related Market Developments.,19 November 2014

  13. 13.

    Takagi, S.: Open Data No Shijō Kibo Ni Semaru (in Japanese). Administration & Information Systems. October, 71-75, 2012

  14. 14.

    Walsh, B.: Peace Corps for Geeks. Time. 181(14), 2013

  15. 15.

    Wakabayashi, K.: Code for America, Civic Hacker Ga Gyousei Wo Kaeru (in Japanese). Wired (Japan Edition). 9, 96-102, 2013

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Etro, F.: The Economic Impact of Cloud Computing on Business Creation, Employment and Output in Europe: An Application of the Endogenous Market Structures Approach to a GPT Innovation. Review of Business and Economics. 54(2), 179-208, 2009

  17. 17.

    Benkler, Y.: The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. Yale University Press, 2007

  18. 18.

    Coase, R. H.: The Nature of the Firm. Economica. 4(16), 386-405, 1937

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Garicano, L., Zandt, T. V.: Hierarchies and the Division of Labor. Handbook of Organizational Economics, edited by Robert Gibbons and John Roberts, 604-654, Princeton University Press, 2013

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Soichiro Takagi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Takagi, S. Research Note: An Introduction to the Economic Analysis of Open Data. Rev Socionetwork Strat 8, 119–128 (2014).

Download citation


  • Open data
  • Mass collaboration
  • Transaction cost
  • Open source software
  • Logistic regression