Reverse-transformation austenite structure control with micro/nanometer size
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To control the reverse-transformation austenite structure through manipulation of the micro/nanometer grain structure, the influences of cold deformation and annealing parameters on the microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of 316L austenitic stainless steel were investigated. The samples were first cold-rolled, and then samples deformed to different extents were annealed at different temperatures. The microstructure evolutions were analyzed by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), magnetic measurements, and X-ray diffraction (XRD); the mechanical properties are also determined by tensile tests. The results showed that the fraction of stain-induced martensite was approximately 72% in the 90% cold-rolled steel. The micro/nanometric microstructure was obtained after reversion annealing at 820–870°C for 60 s. Nearly 100% reversed austenite was obtained in samples annealed at 850°C, where grains with a diameter ≤ 500 nm accounted for 30% and those with a diameter > 0.5 μm accounted for 70%. The micro/nanometer-grain steel exhibited not only a high strength level (approximately 959 MPa) but also a desirable elongation of approximately 45%.
Keywordsaustenitic stainless steel structure control martensite reverse transformation grain refinement
This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51474031).
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