Kinetics of magnetite oxidation under non-isothermal conditions

  • Aref Sardari
  • Eskandar Keshavarz Alamdari
  • Mohammad Noaparast
  • Sied Ziaedin Shafaei


Oxidation of magnetite concentrates, which occurs during the pellet induration process, must be deeply understood to enable the appropriate design of induration machines. In the present paper, the kinetics of the magnetite oxidation reaction was studied. Primary samples were obtained from the Gol-e-Gohar iron ore deposit. Magnetic separation and flotation decreased the sulfur content in the samples to be approximately 0.1wt%. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to measure mass changes during the oxidation of magnetite and, consequently, the conversion values. The aim of this study was to use isoconversional methods to calculate the kinetic parameters. The Coats–Redfern method was also used to obtain the activation energy. Thermogravimetric analyses were run at three different heating rates. The Coats–Redfern results were too ambiguous for a meaningful interpretation. In the case of the isoconversional method, however, the mean activation energy and pre-exponential factor of the oxidation reaction were obtained as 67.55 kJ and 15.32 × 108 min−1, respectively. Such a large activation energy implies that temperature strongly affects the reaction rate. The oxidation reaction exhibits a true multi-step nature that is predominantly controlled by chemical reaction and diffusion mechanisms.


magnetite kinetics oxidation thermogravimetric analysis 


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Copyright information

© University of Science and Technology Beijing and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aref Sardari
    • 1
  • Eskandar Keshavarz Alamdari
    • 2
  • Mohammad Noaparast
    • 3
  • Sied Ziaedin Shafaei
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mining Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Mining and Metallurgical EngineeringAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.School of Mining EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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