La place des pères en périnatalité : le programme québécois « Initiative Amis des pères au sein des familles »

Father-Friendly Initiative within Families: Quebec program on the fathers’ place in perinatal services

Résumé

Depuis plus de 40 ans, les chercheurs portent une attention particulière au rôle des pères au sein des familles, en particulier sous l’angle de l’engagement paternel. Il est reconnu que l’engagement des pères contribue au développement cognitif et langagier de l’enfant, de même qu’à son développement social et affectif. L’engagement paternel contribue aussi au bien-être des deux parents en diminuant le stress ressenti par les mères et les affects dépressifs chez les pères. Cet engagement génère de saines trajectoires de développement pour les enfants, les pères, leur partenaire et leur famille. Force est de constater toutefois qu’en dépit de la pertinence scientifique et sociale de la promotion de l’engagement paternel, les pères déplorent le peu d’espace accordé à leurs préoccupations, à leur vécu et à leurs ressources lors de leurs interactions avec le personnel soignant en périnatalité. Le programme novateur « Initiative Amis des pères au sein des familles » (IAP) fut développé et implanté dans trois régions du Québec (Canada), afin d’accompagner les intervenants de la santé, des services sociaux et communautaires, ainsi que leurs gestionnaires dans le développement ou la consolidation de pratiques, de services et d’environnements Amis des pères. Cet article décrira le contexte théorique et social appuyant le développement de ce programme. Le programme IAP sera présenté en s’attardant sur les activités réalisées et à leur portée et en portant une attention particulière aux ateliers implantés auprès des médecins obstétriciens et gynécologues. Quelques constats émanant des effets de ce programme sur la place des pères en périnatalité concluront ce texte.

Abstract

For more than forty years, researchers have paid special attention to the role of fathers within families, particularly in terms of father involvement. It is recognized that father’s engagement helps in children’s cognitive and language development, as well as their social and emotional development. Paternal engagement also contributes to the well-being of both parents by reducing stress among mothers and depressive effects among fathers. This engagement leads to healthy developmental trajectories for children, fathers, their partners, and their families. It is clear, however, that despite the scientific and social relevance of promoting paternal engagement, fathers still lament the little space given to their concerns, experience, and resources in their interactions with perinatal caregivers. The innovative and original program, Father-Friendly Initiative within Families (FFIF) was developed and implemented in three regions of Quebec (Canada) in order to support stakeholders from the health, community and social services, as well as their managers, in the development and consolidation of Father-Friendly practices, services, and environments. This article presents a brief description of the theoretical and social context supporting the development of this program. The FFIF program is described, with special attention to workshops held with doctors, obstetricians, and gynecologists. The text concludes with some observations emerging from the effects of this program on the role of fathers in the perinatal period.

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de Montigny, F., Gervais, C. & Dubeau, D. La place des pères en périnatalité : le programme québécois « Initiative Amis des pères au sein des familles ». Rev. med. perinat. (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12611-017-0438-4

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Mots clés

  • Engagement paternel
  • Périnatalité
  • Pratiques inclusives des pères

Keywords

  • Father involvement
  • Perinatal care
  • Father-inclusive practices