The Effect of Exercise and Social Activity Interventions on Nutritional Status in Older Adults With Dementia Living in Nursing Homes: A Randomised Controlled Trial

  • Mathieu Maltais
  • Y. Rolland
  • P.-E. Haÿ
  • D. Armaingaud
  • P. Cestac
  • L. Rouch
  • P. de Souto Barreto
Article
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

Objectives

Examine the effects of a 24-week exercise intervention against a social intervention on body weight, body mass index (BMI) and nutritional status in PWD living in nursing homes.

Design

Randomized controlled trial.

Participants

Ninety-one older people with dementia living in nursing homes. Interventions: Exercise (n=44) or social-based activities (n=47), taking place twice per week, for 60 minutes/session, during 24 weeks.

Measurements

Nutritional status was measured with the mini-nutritional assessment (MNA), weight and BMI.

Results

After the 24-week intervention, none of MNA (B-coeff. 1.28; 95% CI -2.55 to 0.02), weight (-0.06; -1.58 to 1.45) and BMI (-0.05; -0.85 to 0.74) differed significantly between groups after adjustment for multiplicity. In the social group, MNA significantly improved while it remained stable in the exercise group. The percentage of at-risk and malnourished patients reduced in both groups by more than 6%.

Conclusion

The results suggest that social activities have as good effects as exercise activities on nutritional status in PWD nursing home residents.

Key words

Exercise malnutrition weight dementia nursing home social activities 

Supplementary material

12603_2018_1025_MOESM1_ESM.doc (216 kb)
CONSORT 2010 checklist of information to include when reporting a randomised trial

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mathieu Maltais
    • 1
    • 4
  • Y. Rolland
    • 1
    • 2
  • P.-E. Haÿ
    • 3
  • D. Armaingaud
    • 3
  • P. Cestac
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Rouch
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. de Souto Barreto
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Gérontopôle de ToulouseInstitut du Vieillissement, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de ToulouseToulouseFrance
  2. 2.UMR INSERM, 1027University of Toulouse IIIToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Institut Bien Vieillir KorianParisFrance
  4. 4.Gérontopôle de ToulouseInstitut du VieillissementToulouseFrance

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