Cardiorespiratory Adaptations in Elderly Men Following Different Concurrent Training Regimes
This study aimed to investigate the effects of different intra-session exercise orders during concurrent training (CT) on endurance performance in elderly men, as well as to verify its influence on individual responses in endurance performance.
Twenty-five healthy elderly men (64.7 ± 4.1 years) were placed into two groups: strength training prior to endurance training (SE, n=13), and one in the reverse order (ES, n=12). CT was performed three times a week during 12 weeks. Before and after training, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), maximal workload (Wmax), absolute and relative cycling economy at 25, 50, 75 and 100 W (i.e., average VO2 at different stages) were assessed.
Similar increases in VO2peak were observed in the SE and ES groups (SE: 8.1 ± 9.9%; ES: 9.3 ± 9.8%; P<0.001), as well as in Wmax (SE: 19.9 ± 19.3%; ES: 24.1 ± 24.0%; P<0.001). Moreover, significant reductions were observed in the absolute VO2 at 100 W (P<0.05) in the SE and ES groups. No difference between groups was observed. In the ES group, one subject did not respond positively in terms of both VO2max and Wmax, whereas 4 subjects did not respond positively in terms of both VO2max and Wmax in SE group.
CT improved maximal and submaximal endurance performance in elderly men, independent of intra-session exercise order. However, it seems that the ES order elicited more individual responsiveness in terms of maximal endurance performance than SE order..
Key wordsInter-individual variability functional capacity cycling economy combined training resistance training
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