The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 313–318 | Cite as

Screening for frailty in elderly emergency department patients by using the Identification of Seniors At Risk (ISAR)

  • Fabio Salvi
  • V. Morichi
  • A. Grilli
  • L. Lancioni
  • L. Spazzafumo
  • S. Polonara
  • A. M. Abbatecola
  • G. De Tommaso
  • P. Dessi-Fulgheri
  • F. Lattanzio
JNHA: Nutrition

Abstract

Objectives

Frail older adults are at an increased risk for adverse outcomes after an Emergency Department (ED) visit. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) has been proposed to screen for frailty in the ED, but it is difficult to carry out. We tested whether a CGA-based approach using the Identification of Seniors At Risk (ISAR) screening tool was associated with the brief deficit accumulation index (DAI) of frailty.

Design

Prospective observational study.

Setting

Two urban EDs in Italy.

Participants

A cohort of 200 elderly (≥65 years) ED patients.

Measurements

Identifiers, triage, clinical and social data along with the administration of ISAR. CGA was performed using: Charlson Index, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire and Katz’s ADL. Follow-up data at 30 and 180 days included: mortality, ED revisit, hospital admission, and.functional decline. Frailty was defined according to a brief DAI. Logistic regression evaluated the consistency of the frailty definition; ROC curves evaluated ISAR ability in identifying frailty.

Results

Frailty was present in 117 (58.5%) subjects and predicted ED revisit and frequent ED return, hospitalization and 6-month mortality. ISAR had an AUC of 0.92 (95%CI 0.88–0.96, p<0.0001) in identifying frail elders in the ED and using a cut-off of 2 showed 94% sensitivity and 63% specificity.

Conclusion

ISAR is a useful screening tool for frailty and identifies elderly patients at risk of adverse outcomes after an ED visit. ISAR can also be used to select high-risk patients more likely to benefit from a geriatric approach or intervention, independently of admission or discharge.

Key words

Frailty screening emergency department outcome geriatric assessment 

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer Verlag France 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Salvi
    • 1
    • 6
  • V. Morichi
    • 1
  • A. Grilli
    • 1
  • L. Lancioni
    • 4
  • L. Spazzafumo
    • 2
  • S. Polonara
    • 5
  • A. M. Abbatecola
    • 3
  • G. De Tommaso
    • 1
  • P. Dessi-Fulgheri
    • 4
  • F. Lattanzio
    • 3
  1. 1.Geriatric Emergency DepartmentNational Institute of Health and Research on Aging (I.N.R.C.A.)AnconaItaly
  2. 2.Statistic and Biometry CenterNational Institute of Health and Research on Aging (I.N.R.C.A.)AnconaItaly
  3. 3.Scientific DirectionNational Institute of Health and Research on Aging (I.N.R.C.A.)AnconaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly
  5. 5.Emergency DepartmentAzienda Ospedali RiunitiAnconaItaly
  6. 6.U.O. Punto di Primo InterventoI.N.R.C.A. — POR AnconaAnconaItaly

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