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Skin Microbiome—The Next Frontier for Probiotic Intervention


The skin is the largest organ in the human body, and it orchestrates many functions that are fundamentally important for our survival. Although the skin might appear to present a relatively inhospitable or even hostile environment, a multitude of commensals and also some potentially pathogenic microorganisms have successfully adapted to survive and/or thrive within the diverse ecological niches created by the skin’s topographical architecture. Dysbiosis within these microbial populations can result in the emergence and pathological progression of skin diseases. Unsurprisingly, this has led to a new focus of research both for the medical dermatology and cosmetic industries that is concerned with modulation of the skin microbiome to help address common microbially mediated or modulated conditions such as acne, body odour, and atopic dermatitis. This review presents an overview of our current understanding of the complex relationship of the skin with its microbiome and then introduces the concept of probiotic intervention for the management of microbial dysbiosis within the skin ecosystem.

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Correspondence to John D. F. Hale.

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I.J.M. and E.M.W. were interns at Blis Technologies, the manufacturer of a skin probiotic.

R.J., J.R.T. and J.D.F.H. are employees of Blis Technologies.

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McLoughlin, I.J., Wright, E.M., Tagg, J.R. et al. Skin Microbiome—The Next Frontier for Probiotic Intervention. Probiotics & Antimicro. Prot. (2021).

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  • Skin microbiome
  • Probiotics
  • Skin
  • Dysbiosis