Axone (Akhuni) is a homemade synbiotic (Nagamese fermented soybean product) served as side dish in North Eastern India. In this study, effects of Axone feeding on growth, weight gain, sexual maturity and egg production on Vanaraja birds (a strain of poultry bird developed at PDP Hyderabad for villages and backyard poultry) were evaluated. Axone incorporation in commercial poultry feed at the rate of 5 % (W/W) significantly improved growth rate (weight gain) both in male (p 0.001) and female (p 0.05) chicks, reduced age by 13 days at first egg laying (p 0.01), increased egg production (p ≤ 0.001) and improved egg weight (p ≤ 0.01). Microbiological analysis of Axone sample revealed that the major bacteria in Axone samples were Bacillus coagulans, well known for their probiotic value.
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The authors are thankful to Joint Director, ICAR RC for NEHR, Jharnapani, Nagaland, Director ICAR RC for NEHR, Umiam, Barapani, Meghalaya, and Director NRC on Mithun Jharnapani, Nagland for permitting to study, financial support and laboratory facilities. Dr. KC Das, In-charge Mithun Nutrition, NRC on Mithun, Jharnapani, Nagaland helped for proximate analysis of Axone samples. Authors are thankful to MS. Sumedha Gandharava, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, USA, for reviewing the English of the manuscript.
Conflict of interests
The authors, Dr. BR Singh and Dr. RK Singh have no conflict of Interests. The research work was carried out with Institutional funding.
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Singh, B.R., Singh, R.K. Axone, an Ethnic Probiotic Containing Food, Reduces Age of Sexual Maturity and Increases Poultry Production. Probiotics & Antimicro. Prot. 6, 88–94 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12602-014-9160-8
- Growth rate
- Egg weight
- Bacillus coagulans
- Bacillus subtilis