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Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 1–14 | Cite as

A Review on the Macromolecular Compositions of Phytoplankton and the Implications for Aquatic Biogeochemistry

  • P. S. Bhavya
  • Bo Kyung Kim
  • Naeun Jo
  • Kwanwoo Kim
  • Jae Joong Kang
  • Jae Hyung Lee
  • Dabin Lee
  • Jang Han Lee
  • HuiTae Joo
  • So Hyun Ahn
  • Yewon Kim
  • Jun-Oh Min
  • Min Gu Kang
  • Mi Sun Yun
  • Chang Keun Kang
  • Sang Heon LeeEmail author
Review
  • 105 Downloads

Abstract

Biochemical composition of phytoplankton is a key indicator of the physiological and nutritional status of phytoplankton. A balanced biochemical pattern represents a healthy and productive metabolism in the autotrophic levels which can facilitate proper functioning of higher level organisms. The estimation of biochemical compositions was initiated in the early 1970’s. However, there has been a significant set of modifications in the extraction method and improvements in the sampling and analysis techniques since then. Similarly, the extent of biochemical measurements from various aquatic ecosystems around the globe has also increased. Recently, biochemical patterns are being used as a tool to track the changes in the physiological status of phytoplankton as a response to climate change. Such investigations are also forming part of research works on marine food webs and the nutritional status of ecosystems. This article is a brief review of research works carried out so far in an attempt to understand the biochemical compositions of phytoplankton in the global oceans and the implications with regard to changing environmental conditions.

Keywords

biochemical composition phytoplankton physiological status POM 

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Copyright information

© KSO, KIOST and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Bhavya
    • 1
  • Bo Kyung Kim
    • 2
  • Naeun Jo
    • 1
  • Kwanwoo Kim
    • 1
  • Jae Joong Kang
    • 1
  • Jae Hyung Lee
    • 1
  • Dabin Lee
    • 1
  • Jang Han Lee
    • 3
  • HuiTae Joo
    • 1
  • So Hyun Ahn
    • 4
  • Yewon Kim
    • 5
  • Jun-Oh Min
    • 6
  • Min Gu Kang
    • 1
  • Mi Sun Yun
    • 1
  • Chang Keun Kang
    • 7
  • Sang Heon Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Oceanography, College of Natural SciencesPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  2. 2.Division of Polar Ocean Sciences, Korea Polar Research InstituteKIOSTIncheonKorea
  3. 3.Department of Biology and Quebec OceanLaval UniversityQuebecCanada
  4. 4.Horn Point LaboratoryUniversity of Maryland Center for Environmental ScienceCambridgeUSA
  5. 5.Marine Environmental Research CenterKIOSTBusanKorea
  6. 6.Department of Marine Science and Convergence Engineering, College of Science and Convergence TechnologyHanyang UniversityAnsanKorea
  7. 7.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuKorea

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