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Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 369–380 | Cite as

Rock Magnetic Approaches Used on Deep-sea Sediments in the Northeastern Equatorial Pacific

  • Cheong Kee ParkEmail author
  • Gun Chang Lee
Article
  • 53 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Deep Seabed Mining Resources

Abstract

Rock magnetic properties of unconsolidated sediments from the Korea Deep Ocean Study area of the northeastern equatorial Pacific were analyzed to trace the time-dependent variations of sedimentary environments. For upper Pleistocene sediments, light-brown sediments predominate, whereas the lower sediments deposited in the late Pliocene are dark brown. Rock magnetic properties also clearly differ among the two distinct color environments. Values of anhysteretic remanent magnetization and low-field magnetic susceptibility are highly responsive to changes in the color of the sediment. For example, comparatively low values denote a dominance of coarse-grained magnetic minerals as observed in the lower dark-brown layers. With respect to the content of magnetic minerals, coarse magnetic grains are highly concentrated in the darker-colored sediment layers. However, both the magnetic mineral dependent parameter (S ratio) and results of the scanning electron microscope observation indicate that magnetic mineral changes did not occur along the core depth, which means that there was no apparent source change. Without distinctive source changes, the variations in the rock magnetic properties likely reflect a process by which the magnetic grains were primarily transported by enhanced wind and bottom currents and affected by diagenetic dissolution as a function of both the time from burial and the extremely low sedimentation rates after deposition.

Keywords

rock magnetic properties paleoenvironment polymetallic nodules northeastern equatorial Pacific KODOS area 

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Copyright information

© Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Deep-sea and Seabed Mineral Resources Research CenterKIOSTBusanKorea

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