Development and Application of an Acoustic System for Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs, Red Tide) Detection using an Ultrasonic Digital Sensor
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The overgrowth of phytoplankton leads to negative effects such as harmful algal blooms (HABs, also called red tides) in marine environments. The HAB species Cochlodinium polykrikoides (C. polykrikoides) appears frequently in Korea during summer. In this study, we developed a real-time acoustic detection and remote-control system to detect red tides using an ultrasonic digital sensor. In the laboratory, the acoustic signals increased as the number of cells increased. At the same time, for field application, we deployed the system near the southern coast of Korea, where red tides frequently occurred in summer seasons 2013–2015. The system developed here detected red tides in situ, with a good correlation between the acoustic signals and C. polykrikoides populations. These results suggest that it may be useful for early detection of red tides.
Keywordsharmful algal blooms red tide Cochlodinium polykrikoides real-time acoustic detection system ultrasonic digital sensor
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