Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 57–66 | Cite as

Potential for heavy metal (copper and zinc) removal from contaminated marine sediments using microalgae and light emitting diodes

  • Hyeong Kyu Kwon
  • Jin Young Jeon
  • Seok Jin OhEmail author


The effects of monochromatic (blue, yellow and red LED) and mixed wavelengths (fluorescent lamp) on the adsorption and absorption of Cu and Zn by Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Nitzschia sp., Skeletonema sp., and Chlorella vulgaris were investigated. In addition, we confirmed the potential of microalgae for phytoremediation of these heavy metals from contaminated marine sediment by using microcosm experiments that incorporated LEDs and semipermeable membrane (SPM) tube containing microalgae. Among the four microalgae, C. vulgaris grown under red LED exhibited the highest Cu and Zn removal with values of 17.5 × 10-15 g Cu/cell and 38.3 × 10-15 g Zn/cell, respectively. Thus, C. vulgaris could be a useful species for phytoremediation. In the microcosm experiments with SPM containing C. vulgaris, the highest Cu and Zn removal from sediment and interstitial water showed under red LED. Therefore, phytoremediation using LED and SPM tube containing microalgae could be utilized as an eco-friendly technique for remediating contaminated marine sediment.

Key words

phytoremediation heavy metal microalgae light emitting diode (LED) 


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Copyright information

© Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyeong Kyu Kwon
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jin Young Jeon
    • 2
  • Seok Jin Oh
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Korea Inter-University Institute of Ocean SciencePukyong National UniversityBusanKorea
  2. 2.Department of Oceanography, College of Environmental and Marine Sciences and TechnologyPukyong National UniversityBusanKorea
  3. 3.School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, College of Natural SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

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