, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 187–196 | Cite as

Resistance in lima bean to Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

  • Luiz Carlos de Melo Júnior
  • Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva
  • Antonio Vieira Gomes Neto
  • Silvino Intra Moreira
  • Mayara Fernandes dos Santos
  • Solange Maria de FrançaEmail author


The cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora) can be an important pest on lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.). The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different genotypes of lima bean on the biology of A. craccivora and to identify possible sources of resistance to aphids under laboratory conditions. Two trials were set up, an antibiosis and a free-choice antixenosis test. Furthermore, the density of the trichomes on the leaf surface was determined for each genotype. Aphid life table parameters were similar in the antibiosis experiments for all of the genotypes tested. The calculated life table for the lima bean genotype used several parameters, namely Net Reproduction Rate (Ro) = 49.23; Time interval between each generation (T) = 10.24, Intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) = 0.38; Finite rate of population increase (λ) = 1.46 and Time for population to duplicate (TD) = 1.82. The results of non-preference tests showed that genotype UFPI-887 exhibited antixenosis resistance when compared to genotypes UFPI-882 and UFPI-881. The trichome density average varied from 126.29 trichomes/mm2 in genotype UFPI-882 to 42.20 trichomes/mm2 in genotype UFPI-883. There was no correlation between trichome density in the leaves and no preference of A. craccivora for leaves of P. lunatus.


Antibiosis Life table Biological parameters Antixenosis Trichomes 



The authors are grateful to the Federal Institute of Education Science and Technology of Piauí (IFPI), for giving the author leave to study for a master’s degree.; to Dr. Regina Célia Zonta de Carvalho from the Diagnostic Center “Marcos Enrietti” for the laboratory of plant parasitology - Entomology of the Federal University of Paraná for the identification of the aphid species; to Regina Lúcia Ferreira Gomes (CCA-UFPI) for the assignment of genetic material; to the Sugarcane Genetic Improvement Program of the UFPI (PMGCA-UFPI) for permission to use the RIDESA laboratories, and to Bruno Costa Val de Melo, undergraduate in Biotechnology, for the transcription of this work into English.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest, no human subjects were involved in these experiments, and all applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Carlos de Melo Júnior
    • 1
  • Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva
    • 1
  • Antonio Vieira Gomes Neto
    • 1
  • Silvino Intra Moreira
    • 2
  • Mayara Fernandes dos Santos
    • 1
  • Solange Maria de França
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em Agronomia-Agricultura Tropical, Laboratório de Entomologia, Setor de Fitossanidade, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Centro de Ciências AgráriasUniversidade Federal do PiauíTeresinaBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de FitopatologiaUniversidade Federal de LavrasLavrasBrazil

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