Advertisement

Phytoparasitica

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 187–196 | Cite as

Resistance in lima bean to Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

  • Luiz Carlos de Melo Júnior
  • Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva
  • Antonio Vieira Gomes Neto
  • Silvino Intra Moreira
  • Mayara Fernandes dos Santos
  • Solange Maria de FrançaEmail author
Article
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

The cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora) can be an important pest on lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.). The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different genotypes of lima bean on the biology of A. craccivora and to identify possible sources of resistance to aphids under laboratory conditions. Two trials were set up, an antibiosis and a free-choice antixenosis test. Furthermore, the density of the trichomes on the leaf surface was determined for each genotype. Aphid life table parameters were similar in the antibiosis experiments for all of the genotypes tested. The calculated life table for the lima bean genotype used several parameters, namely Net Reproduction Rate (Ro) = 49.23; Time interval between each generation (T) = 10.24, Intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) = 0.38; Finite rate of population increase (λ) = 1.46 and Time for population to duplicate (TD) = 1.82. The results of non-preference tests showed that genotype UFPI-887 exhibited antixenosis resistance when compared to genotypes UFPI-882 and UFPI-881. The trichome density average varied from 126.29 trichomes/mm2 in genotype UFPI-882 to 42.20 trichomes/mm2 in genotype UFPI-883. There was no correlation between trichome density in the leaves and no preference of A. craccivora for leaves of P. lunatus.

Keywords

Antibiosis Life table Biological parameters Antixenosis Trichomes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Federal Institute of Education Science and Technology of Piauí (IFPI), for giving the author leave to study for a master’s degree.; to Dr. Regina Célia Zonta de Carvalho from the Diagnostic Center “Marcos Enrietti” for the laboratory of plant parasitology - Entomology of the Federal University of Paraná for the identification of the aphid species; to Regina Lúcia Ferreira Gomes (CCA-UFPI) for the assignment of genetic material; to the Sugarcane Genetic Improvement Program of the UFPI (PMGCA-UFPI) for permission to use the RIDESA laboratories, and to Bruno Costa Val de Melo, undergraduate in Biotechnology, for the transcription of this work into English.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest, no human subjects were involved in these experiments, and all applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

References

  1. Auad, A. M., Alves, S. O., Carvalho, C. A., Silva, D. M., Resende, T. T., & Veríssimo, B. A. (2009). The impact of temperature on biological aspects and life table of Rhopalosiphum padi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) fed with signal grass. Florida Entomologist, 92(4), 569–577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Awmack, C. S., & Leather, S. R. (2007). Growth and development. In H. F. van Emden & R. Harrington (Eds.), Aphids as crop pests (pp. 135–144). Cambridgeshire: CAB International.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchman, N., & Cuddington, K. (2009). Influences of pea morphology and interacting factors on pea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) reproduction. Environmental Entomology, 38(4), 962–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clancy, M. V., Zytynska, S. E., Moritz, F., Witting, M., Schmitt-Kopplin, P., Weisser, W. W., & Schnitzler, J. (2018). Metabotype variation in a field population of tansy plants influences aphid host selection. Plant, Cell & Environment, 41, 2791–2805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Coceano, P. C., Peressini, S., Bianchi, G. L., & Caciagli, P. (2009). Long-term changes of aphid vectors of barley yellow dwarf viruses in North-Eastern Italy (Friuli-Venezia Giulia). Annals of Applied Biology, 155(1), 37–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Descamps, L. R., Sánchez-Chopa, C., & Bizet-Turovsky, J. (2015). Resistance in alfalfa to Aphis craccivora Koch. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 75(4), 451–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fouad, E. A., Abou-Yousef, H. M., Abdallah, I. S., & Kandil, M. A. (2015). Resistance monitoring and enzyme activity in three field populations of cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora) from Egypt. Crop Protection, 81, 163–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. França, S. M., Silva, P. R. R., Gomes-Neto, A. V., Gomes, R. L. F., Melo, J. W. S., & Breda, M. O. (2018). Resistance of Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) to the red spider mite Tetranychus neocaledonicus (Acari: Tetranychidae). Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, 1466.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Guadalupe, L. R., Alfredo, B. M. F., Higinio, R. E. F., & Sergio, Z. F. (2013). Evidencia de Antibiosis contra al áfido negro Aphis craccivora Koch. en el frijol Yorimón. Vigna unguiculata (L.). Invurnus, 8(1), 27–30.Google Scholar
  10. Hafiz, N. A. (2006). Use of life tables to asses host plant resistance in cowpea to Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Assiut University Bulletin for Environmental Researches, 9, 1), 1–1), 6.Google Scholar
  11. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. IBGE-SIDRA (2013) Available at: http://www.sidra.ibge.gov.br/bda/tabela/listabl.asp?c=1612&z=p&o=28. Accessed 13 Aug 2017.
  12. Kamphuis, L. G., Gao, L., & Singh, K. B. (2012). Identification and characterization of resistance to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. BMC Plant Biology, 12, 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kandil, M. A., Abdallah, I. S., Abou-Yousef, H. M., Abdallah, N. A., & Fouad, E. A. (2017). Mechanism of resistance to pirimicarb in the cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora. Crop Protection, 94, 173–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mehrparvar, M., & Hatami, B. (2007). Effect of temperature on some biological parameters of an Iranian population of the rose aphid Macrosiphum rosae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). European Journal of Entomology, 104(3), 631–634.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Obopile, M., & Ositile, B. (2009). Life table and population parameters of cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) on five cowpea Vigna unguiculata (L. Walp.) varieties. Journal of Pest Science, 83(1), 9–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Oliveira, J. E. D. M., Bortoli, S. A., Santos, R. F., & Moreira, N. A. (2010). Desenvolvimento de metodologia de criação e multiplicação de Aphis gossypii: avanços e sucessos. Comunicata Scientiae, 1(1), 65–68.Google Scholar
  17. Omoigui, L. O., Ekeuro, G. C., Kamara, A. Y., Bello, L. L., Timko, M. P., & Ogunwolu, G. O. (2017). New sources of aphids [Aphis craccivora (Koch)] resistance in cowpea germplasm using phenotypic and molecular marker approaches. Euphytica, 213(178).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-017-1962-9.
  18. Penteado, S.D.R.C., Oliveira, E.B.D. & Lazzari, S.M.N. (2010). TabVida Sistema Computacional para cálculo de parâmetros biológicos e de crescimento populacional de afídeos. 1ª. Ed. Colombo: Embrapa Florestas.Google Scholar
  19. Pessoa, L. G. A., Souza, B., Carvalho, C. F., & Silva, M. G. (2004). Aspectos da Biologia de Aphis gossypii Glover. 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em Quatro Cultivares de Algodoeiro em Laboratório. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 28(6), 1235–1239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pizzamiglio, M. A. (1991). Ecologia das Interações Inseto/Planta. In A. R. Panizzi & J. R. P. Parra (Eds.), Ecologia Nutricional de Insetos e Suas Implicações no Manejo de Pragas (Vol. 1, pp. 118–119). São Paulo: Manole.Google Scholar
  21. Qin, J., Shi, A., Mou, B., Bhattarai, G., Yang, W., Weng, Y., & Motes, D. (2017). Association mapping of aphid resistance in USDA cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) core collection using SNPs. Euphytica, 213(36).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-016-1830-z.
  22. Rodrigues, S. R., Oliveira, O. J., Ceccon, G., Correa, A. M., & Abot, A. R. (2010). Preferência de Aphis craccivora por genótipos de feijão-caupi de porte prostrado, em Aquidauana, MS. Revista Ceres, 57(6), 751–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rodrigues, S. R., Ceccon, G., Oliveira-Junior, O., Abot, A. R., Nogueira, G. A. L., & Correa, A. M. (2012). Preferência do Pulgão Preto Aphis craccivora Koch, 1854 (Hemiptera:Aphididae) Por Genótipos De Feijão-Caupi Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (Fabaceae). Bioscience Journal, 28(5), 678–686.Google Scholar
  24. SAS Institute. (2001). SAS user's guide: Statistics. Cary, NC, SAS Institute.Google Scholar
  25. Silveira Neto, S. (1976). Manual de Ecologia dos Insetos. Piracicaba: Ceres.Google Scholar
  26. Simon, S., Morel, k., Durand, E., Brevalle, g., Girard, T., & Lauri, P. (2012). Aphids at crossroads: When branch architecture alters aphid infestation patterns in the apple tree. Trees, 26, 273–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Soffan, A., & Aldawood, A. S. (2014). Biology and demographic growth parameters of cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora) on faba bean (Vicia faba) cultivars. Journal Insect of Science, 14, 120–110.  https://doi.org/10.1673/031.014.120.Google Scholar
  28. Stenberg, J. A., & Muola, A. (2017). How should plant resistance to herbivores be measured? Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 663.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Togola, A., Boukar, O., Belko, N., Chamarthi, S. K., Fatokun, C., Tamo, M., & Oigiangbe, N. (2017). Host plant resistance to insect pests of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.): Achievements and future prospects. Euphytica, 213(239).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-017-2030-1.
  30. Valente, E. C. N., Trindade, R. C. P., Broglio, S. M. F., Duarte, A. G., Rodrigues, V. M., Lima, H. M. A., Batista, N. S., & Santos, J. R. (2014). Aspectos Biológicos de Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em Cultivares de Feijão-Caupi Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Ciência Agrícola, 12(1), 117–120.Google Scholar
  31. Vancanneyt, G., Sanz, C., Farmaki, T., Paneque, M., Ortego, F., Castanera, P., & Sanchez-Serrano, J. J. (2001). Hydroperoxidelyase depletion in transgenic potato plants leads to an increase in aphid performance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(14), 8139–8144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Vieira, R.F. & Vieira, C. (2007). Feijão-Fava em Culturas: Manual de Tecnologias Agrícolas. Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte - MG. P.351–354.Google Scholar
  33. Viera, R. F. (1992). Cultura do Feijão-Fava. Informe Agropecuário, 16(174), 30–46.Google Scholar
  34. Zhou, X., & Carter, N. (1992). Effects of temperature, feeding position and crop growth stage on the population dynamics of the rose grain aphid, Metopolophium dirhodum (Hemiptera: Aphididae). The Annals of Applied Biology, 121(1), 27–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Carlos de Melo Júnior
    • 1
  • Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva
    • 1
  • Antonio Vieira Gomes Neto
    • 1
  • Silvino Intra Moreira
    • 2
  • Mayara Fernandes dos Santos
    • 1
  • Solange Maria de França
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em Agronomia-Agricultura Tropical, Laboratório de Entomologia, Setor de Fitossanidade, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Centro de Ciências AgráriasUniversidade Federal do PiauíTeresinaBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de FitopatologiaUniversidade Federal de LavrasLavrasBrazil

Personalised recommendations