Advertisement

Phytoparasitica

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 427–435 | Cite as

Mango nurseries as sources of Fusarium mexicanum, cause of mango malformation disease in central western Mexico

  • Alejandro Soto-Plancarte
  • Ricardo Santillán-Mendoza
  • Sylvia P. Fernández-Pavía
  • Randy C. Ploetz
  • Stanley Freeman
  • Rubén Ortega-Arreola
  • Pedro Osuna-Ávila
  • José J. Velázquez-Monreal
  • Gerardo Rodríguez-AlvaradoEmail author
Article

Abstract

Malformation is the most important disease of mango in Mexico. It affects floral and vegetative shoots, and reduces fruit production. Although several species of Fusarium cause the disease worldwide, F. mexicanum is most important in Mexico. To better understand epidemiology of disease in Mexico, we studied mango nurseries as a source of infected planting material. In 2011, 2012 and 2014, 20 mango nurseries in the states of Colima (1 nursery), Jalisco (1 nursery), Guerrero (6 nurseries) and Michoacan (12 nurseries) were examined for floral and vegetative symptoms of the disease. Although malformed plants were not observed in Colima, Guerrero and Jalisco, malformed mango seedlings and grafted plants were observed in 10 commercial nurseries in Michoacan in 2011 and 2012. Thirty-three isolates from a total of 197 symptomatic plants were identified as F. mexicanum, based on morphological and genetic criteria. Analyses of partial sequences of the EF-1α and β-tubulin genes and mating type indicated that isolates of F. mexicanum from mango nurseries are mostly a single clonal population, identical to F. mexicanum isolates previously described from mango orchards in Michoacan. Thus, mango nurseries in Michoacan could be a significant source of inoculum when new mango orchards are established in the state. Efforts should be made to produce and utilize pathogen-free planting material during orchard establishment.

Keywords

Mangifera indica fruit crops fungal diseases 

Notes

Conflict of Interest Statement

G. Rodriguez-Alvarado thanks CIC, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo for the funds provided under Research Grant 2.10. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Aoki, T., & Nirenberg, H. I. (1999). Fusarium globosum from subtropical Japan and the effect of different light conditions on its conidiogenesis. Mycoscience, 40, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Betancourt-Resendes, I., Velázquez-Monreal, J. J., Montero-Castro, J. C., Fernández-Pavía, S. P., Lozoya-Saldaña, H., & Rodríguez-Alvarado, G. (2012). Fusarium mexicanum causal agent of mango malformation in Jalisco, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 30, 115–127.Google Scholar
  3. Britz, H., Steenkamp, E. T., Coutinho, T. A., Wingfield, B. D., Marasas, W. F. O., & Wingfield, M. J. (2002). Two new species of Fusarium section Liseola associated with mango malformation. Mycologia, 94, 722–730.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Crespo, M., Casorla, F. M., Hermoso, J. M., Guirado, E., Maymon, M., Torés, J. A., Freeman, S., & de Vicente, A. (2012). First report of mango malformation disease caused by Fusarium mangiferae in Spain. Plant Disease, 96, 286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Díaz, B. V., & Romero, C. S. (1980). Etiología de la deformación o escoba de bruja del mango en el estado de Morelos. Agrociencia, 39, 35–40.Google Scholar
  6. Fisher, N. L., Burgess, L. W., Toussoun, T. A., & Nelson, P. E. (1982). Carnation leaves as a substrate and for preserving cultures of Fusarium species. Phytopathology, 72, 151–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Freeman, S., Shtienberg, D., Maymon, M., Levin, A. G., & Ploetz, R. C. (2014). New insights into mango malformation disease epidemiology lead to a new integrated management strategy for subtropical environments. Plant Disease, 98, 1456–1466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gamliel-Atinsky, E., Sztejnberg, A., Maymon, M., Vintal, H., Shtienberg, D., & Freeman, S. (2009). Infection dynamics of Fusarium mangiferae, causal agent of mango malformation disease. Phytopathology, 99, 775–781.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gaur, V. P., & Chakrabarti, D. K. (2009). Incidence of malformation in mango (Mangifera indica) nurseries in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 79, 160–162.Google Scholar
  10. Kumar, J., Singh, U. S., & Beniwal, S. P. S. (1993). Mango malformation: one hundred years of research. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 31, 217–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Leslie, J. F., & Summerell, B. A. (2006). The Fusarium Laboratory Manual. Iowa: Blackwell Publishing. 388 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lima, C. S., Pfennig, L. H., Costa, S. S., Campos, M. A., & Leslie, J. F. (2009). A new Fusarium lineage within the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex is the main causal agent of mango malformation disease in Brazil. Plant Pathology, 58, 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lima, C. S., Pfenning, L. H., Costa, S. S., Abreu, L. M., & Leslie, J. F. (2012). Fusarium tupiense sp. nov., a member of the Gibberella fujikuroi complex that causes mango malformation in Brazil. Mycologia, 104, 1408–1419.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Marasas, W. F. O., Ploetz, R. C., Wingfield, M. J., Wingfield, B. D., & Steenkamp, E. T. (2006). Mango malformation disease and the associated Fusarium species. Phytopathology, 96, 667–672.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mukherjee, S. K., & Litz, R. E. (2009). Introduction: Botany and Importance. In: R. E. Litz (Ed.). The Mango. Botany, Production and Uses (pp. 1-18. Second Edition. CAB International.Google Scholar
  16. O’Donnell, K., & Cigelnik, E. (1997). Two divergent intragenomic rDNA ITS2 types within a monophyletic lineage of the fungus Fusarium are nonorthologous. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 7, 103–116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. O’Donnell, K., Kistler, H. C., Cigelnik, E., & Ploetz, R. C. (1998). Multiple evolutionary origins of the fungus causing Panama disease of banana: Concordant evidence from nuclear and mitochondrial gene genealogies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 95, 2044–2049.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Otero-Colina, G., Rodríguez-Alvarado, G., Fernández-Pavía, S. P., Maymon, M., Ploetz, R. C., Aoki, T., O'Donnell, K., & Freeman, S. (2010). Identification and characterization of a novel etiological agent of mango malformation disease in Mexico. Fusarium mexicanum sp. nov. Phytopathology, 11, 1176–1184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ploetz, R. C. (2001). Malformation: a unique and important disease of mango, Mangifera indica L. In B. A. Summerell, J. F. Leslie, D. Backhouse, W. L. Bryden, L. W. Burgess (Eds.), Fusarium: Paul E. Nelson Memorial Symposium (pp. 233–247). American Phytopathological Society St. Paul, MN. APS Press.Google Scholar
  20. Ploetz, R., Zheng, Q. I., Vazquez, A., & Abdel Sattar, M. A. (2002). Current status and impact of mango malformation in Egypt. International Journal of Pest Management, 48, 279–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ploetz, R. C., & Freeman, S. (2009). Foliar, Floral and Soilborne Diseases. In R. E. Litz (Ed.), The Mango. Botany, Production and Uses (pp. 231-302). Second Edition. CAB International.Google Scholar
  22. Prakash, O., & Srivastava, K. C. (1987). Mango Diseases and their Management - A World Review. New Delhi: Tommorow’s Printer.Google Scholar
  23. Rodríguez-Alvarado, G., Fernández-Pavía, S. P., Ploetz, R. C., & Valenzuela-Vázquez, M. (2008). A Fusarium sp. different from Fusarium oxysporum and F. mangiferae is associated with mango malformation in Michoacan, Mexico. Plant Pathology, 57, 181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rodríguez-Alvarado, G., Betancourt-Resendes, I., Rodríguez-Fernández, R., Velázquez-Monreal, J. J., Fernández-Pavía, S. P., & Gómez-Dorantes, N. (2012). Vegetative compatibility groups characterization of Fusarium mexicanum causing mango malformation in Jalisco, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 30, 128–140.Google Scholar
  25. Rodríguez-Alvarado, G., Fernández-Pavía, S., Otero-Colina, G., Ploetz, R. C., Aoki, T., O'Donnell, K., Maymon, M., & Freeman, S. (2013). Identification and characterization of Furasium mexicanum causing mango malformation disease in Mexico. Acta Horticulturae, 992, 377–384.Google Scholar
  26. Senghor, A. L., Sharma, K., Kumar, P. L., & Bandyopadhyay, R. (2012). First report of mango malformation disease caused by Fusarium tupiense in Senegal. Plant Disease, 10, 1582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. SIAP (2015). Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera. http://www.siap.gob.mx/cierre-de-la-produccion-agricola-por-estado/. Accessed 18 february 2015.
  28. Sinniah, G. D., Adikaram, N., Vithanage, I. S. K., Abayasekara, C., Maymon, M., & Freeman, S. (2012). First report of mango malformation disease caused by Fusarium mangiferae in Sri Lanka. Plant Disease, 97, 427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Steenkamp, E. T., Wingfield, B. D., Coutinho, T. A., Zeller, K. A., Wingfield, M. J., Marasas, W. F., & Leslie, J. F. (2000). PCR-Based Identification of MAT-1 andMAT-2 in the Gibberella fujikuroi Species Complex. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 66, 4378–4382.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A., & Kumar, S. (2013). MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 30, 2725–2729.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Varma, A., Raychaudhuri, S. P., Lele, V. C., & Ram, A. (1971). Preliminary investigations on epidemiology and control of mango malformation. Proceedings of Indian Natural Science Academy, 37, 291–300.Google Scholar
  32. Vega, P. A., & Miranda, S. M. (1993). Distribución incidencia y severidad de la escoba de bruja del mango (Mangifera indica L.) en el Valle de Apatzingán, Mich. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 11, 1–4.Google Scholar
  33. Youssef, S. A., Maymon, M., Zveibil, A., Klein-Gueta, D., Sztejnberg, A., Shalaby, A. A., & Freeman, S. (2007). Epidemiological aspects of mango malformation disease caused by Fusarium mangiferae and source of infection in seedlings cultivated in orchards in Egypt. Plant Pathology, 56, 257–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhan, R. L., Yang, S. J., Ho, H. H., Liu, F., Zhao, Y. L., Chang, J. M., & He, Y. B. (2010). Mango malformation disease in south China caused by Fusarium proliferatum. Journal of Phytopathology, 158, 721–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhan, R. L., Yang, S. J., Liu, F., Zhao, Y. L., Chang, J. M., & He, Y. B. (2012). First report of Fusarium mangiferae causing mango malformation in China. Plant Disease, 96, 762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zheng, Q., & Ploetz, R. (2002). Genetic diversity in the mango malformation pathogen and development of a PCR assay. Plant Pathology, 51, 208–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro Soto-Plancarte
    • 1
  • Ricardo Santillán-Mendoza
    • 1
  • Sylvia P. Fernández-Pavía
    • 1
  • Randy C. Ploetz
    • 2
  • Stanley Freeman
    • 3
  • Rubén Ortega-Arreola
    • 4
  • Pedro Osuna-Ávila
    • 5
  • José J. Velázquez-Monreal
    • 4
  • Gerardo Rodríguez-Alvarado
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Patología VegetalIIAF, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de HidalgoMoreliaMéxico
  2. 2.Department of Plant Pathology, Tropical Research and Education CenterUniversity of FloridaHomesteadUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO)The Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  4. 4.Campo Experimental TecománInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y PecuariasTecománMéxico
  5. 5.Departamento de Ciencias Químico-BiológicasUniversidad Autónoma de Cd. JuárezCd. JuárezMéxico

Personalised recommendations