First report of Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green infestation on Jatropha curcas saplings

Abstract

In December 2009 and May 2010 an insect pest was observed on Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) saplings at the Biomass Farm Site, Banthara, of CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, India. On the basis of morphology of the insect pest and symptoms caused on its host, it was identified as Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Homoptera: Coccoidae: Pseudococcidae) synonym Phenacoccus hirsutus Green. This is the first report of the occurrence of M. hirsutus infestation on J. curcas.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Achten, W. M. J., Verchot, L., Franken, Y. J., Mathijs, E., Singh, V. P., Aertsa, R., et al. (2008). Jatropha bio-diesel production and use. Biomass Bioenergy, 32, 1063–1084.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Ambika, S., Manoharan, T., Stanley, J., & Preetha, G. (2007). Scutellarid pests of Jatropha and their management. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 15, 370–375.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Anon. (1959). The wealth of India - Raw material. Vol. 4 (pp. 239–397). New Delhi, India: CSIR.

  4. Anon. (2005). Data sheets on quarantine pests Maconellicoccus hirsutus. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 35, 413–415. http://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/insects/Maconellicoccus_hirsutus/DS_Maconellicoccus_hirsutus.pdf

  5. Azam, M. M., Waris, A., & Nahar, N. M. (2005). Prospects and potential of fatty acid methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for use as biodiesel in India. Biomass and Bioenergy, 29, 293–302.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Brittaine, R., & Lutaladio, N. B. (2010). Jatropha: A smallholder bioenergy crop. The potential for pro-poor development. Integrated Crop Management. Vol. 8. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

  7. Ezzat, Y. M. (1958). Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green), a new genus, with re-description of the species [Homoptera: Pseudococcidae-Coccoidea]. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d’Egypte, 42, 377–383.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Foidl, N., Foidl, G., Sanchez, M., Mittelbech, M., & Hackel, S. (1996). Jatropha curcas L. as a source for the production of biofuels in Nicaragua. Bioresource Technology, 58, 77–82.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Ghose, S. K. (1972). Biology of the mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Pseudococcidae, Homoptera). Indian Agriculturist, 16, 323–332.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Green, E. E. (1908). Remarks on Indian scale insects (Coccidae), Part III. With a catalogue of all species hitherto recorded from the Indian continent. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture in India Entomology Series, 2, 15–46.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Grimm, C. (1999). Evaluation of damage to physic nut (Jatropha curcas) by true bugs. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 92, 127–136.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Heller, J. (1996). Physic nut - Jatropha curcas L. promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crop. Ph D dissertation. Institute of plant genetic research, Gatersleben, germany; International Plant Genetic Resource, Institute, Rome, Italy.

  13. Mani, M. (1989). A review of pink mealybug Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green). Insect Science and its Application, 10, 157–167.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Mani, M., & Krishnamoorthy, A. (2001). Suppression of Maconellicoccus hirsutus on guava. Insect Environment, 6, 152.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Manjunath, T. M. (1985). India – Maconellicoccus hirsutus on grapevine. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 33, 74.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Miller, D. R. (1999). Identification of the pink hibiscus mealy bug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Pseudococcidae). Insecta Mundi, 13, 189–203. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/3cas39.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Openshaw, K. (2000). A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise. Biomass Bioenergy, 19, 1–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Pandey, V. C., Singh, K., Singh, J. S., Kumar, A., Singh, B., & Singh, R. P. (2012). Jatropha curcas: A potential biofuel plant for sustainable environmental development. Rene Sustain Energy Reviews, 16, 2870–2883.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Patel, I. S., Dodia, D. A., & Patel, S. N. (1990). First record of Maconellicoccus hirsutus as a pest of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 60, 645.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Sahai, K., Srivastava, V., & Rawat, K. K. (2011). Impact assessment of fruit predation by Scutellera perplexa Westwood on the reproductive allocation of Jatropha. Biomass Bioenergy, 35, 4684–4689.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Sahito, H. A., Soomro, R. B., Talpur, M. A., Memon, S. A., & Dhiloo, K. H. (2012). Biology of mulberry mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green ) in laboratory conditions. Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science Review, 1, 11–18.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Shankar, C., & Dhyani, S. K. (2006). Insect pests of Jatropha curcas L. and the potential for their management. Current Science, 91, 162–163.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Sop, T. K., Kagambega, F. W., Bellefontaine, R., Schmiedel, U., & Thiombiano, A. (2012). Effects of organic amendment on early growth performance of Jatropha curcas L. on a severely degraded site in the Sub-Sahel of Burkina Faso. Agroforest Systems, 86, 387–399. doi:10.1007/s10457-491 011-9421-4.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Williams, D. J. (1986). The identity and distribution of the genus Maconellicoccus Ezzat (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 76, 351–357.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the Director CSIR - National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, India, for the facilities and for all logistic support and to Dr. K. Chandrshekhar, Entomologist, CSIR - National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, for his help in identification of Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green). Financial help from the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, is gratefully acknowledged. The authors are also thankful to the Editor and two anonymous reviewers for their feedback on a previous version of the manuscript.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Akhilesh Kumar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kumar, A., Singh, N. First report of Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green infestation on Jatropha curcas saplings. Phytoparasitica 42, 71–73 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-013-0339-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Coccoidae
  • Euphorbiaceae
  • Homoptera
  • Phenacoccus hirsutus Green
  • Pseudococcidae