Phytoparasitica

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 529–537 | Cite as

Predators of Marchalina hellenica (Hemiptera: Marchalinidae) on pine forests in Turkey

  • S. Ülgentürk
  • F. Szentkirályi
  • N. Uygun
  • M. Fent
  • S. D. Gaimari
  • H. Civelek
  • B. Ayhan
Article

Abstract

The honeydew of Marchalina hellenica is collected by honeybees for pine honey production, which is of great economic importance in Turkey. During 2009–2011 we investigated the predators of M. hellenica, which is distributed mainly in the areas with a Mediterranean climate – in the Aegean, Marmara and Mediterranean regions of Turkey. The findings showed that M. hellenica has many predators in the studied areas and that these play an important role in the forest ecosystem. These predators are: Anystis baccarum (L.) (Acarina: Anystidae); Allothrombium triticium Zhang and Allothrombium pulvinum Ewing (Acarina: Trombidiidae); Neoleucopis kartliana (Tanasijtshuk) (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae); Myrrha octodecimguttata (L.), Rodolia cardinalis Mulstant, Scymnus subvillosus (Goeze) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Dichochrysa genei (Rambur), Dichochrysa prasina (Burmeister) and Chrysoperla lucasina (Lacroix) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae); Wesmaelius subnebulosus (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae), Cardiastethus nazarenus Reuter and Elatophilus pachycnemis Horváth (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). The most efficient and common predator was N. kartliana, here recorded for the first time from Turkey.

Keywords

Anthocoridae Anystis baccarum Biological control Chrysopidae Hemerobiidae Neoleucopis kartliana Rodolia cardinalis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ülgentürk
    • 1
  • F. Szentkirályi
    • 2
  • N. Uygun
    • 3
  • M. Fent
    • 4
  • S. D. Gaimari
    • 5
  • H. Civelek
    • 6
  • B. Ayhan
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant ProtectionAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Plant Protection Institute, Department of ZoologyCentre for Agricultural Research, HASBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant ProtectionÇukurova UniversitySarıçamTurkey
  4. 4.Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of BiologyTrakya UniversityEdirneTurkey
  5. 5.California Department of Food and AgriculturePlant Pest Diagnostics CenterSacramentoUSA
  6. 6.Art and Sciences Faculty, Department of BiologyMuğla UniversityKötekliTurkey

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