Skip to main content
Log in

Legal Compatibility as a Characteristic of Sociotechnical Systems

Goals and Standardized Requirements

  • Research Paper
  • Published:
Business & Information Systems Engineering Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Legal compatibility as a characteristic of sociotechnical systems aims at the greatest possible compliance with higher-order legal goals for minimizing social risks of technical systems and extends legality, which refers to the prevention of lawlessness. The paper analyzes the criteria for legal compatibility by reviewing specifications of legally compatible systems and shows goals and resulting requirements to foster legal compatibility. These comprise the following areas: avoiding personal reference in data, ensuring information security, enabling freedom of decision, increasing transparency, ensuring traceability, and increasing usability, whereby traceability and the avoidance of personal reference pursue conflicting goals. The presentation of the goals including their dependencies, relationships, and conflicts in form of standardized requirements explains legal compatibility and summarizes the requirements necessary for the development of legally compatible systems.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Alexander C (1979) The timeless way of building. Oxford University Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Berkovich M, Leimeister J, Hoffmann A, Krcmar H (2014) A requirements data model for product service systems. Requir Eng 19(2):161–186. doi:10.1007/s00766-012-0164-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bortz J, Döring N (2006) Forschungsmethoden und evaluation, 4th edn. Springer, Heidelberg

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Bräunlich K, Richter P, Grimm R, Roßnagel A (2011) Verbindung von CC-Schutzprofilen mit der Methode rechtlicher IT-Gestaltung KORA – Anwendungsbeispiel: Wahlgeheimnis. Daten-schutz und Datensicherheit (DuD) 35(2):129–135

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Breaux TD, Vail MW, Anton AI (2006) Towards regulatory compliance: extracting rights and obligations to align requirements with regulations. In: 14th IEEE international requirements engineering conference, pp 49–58

  • Breaux TD, Anton AI, Boucher K, Dorfman M (2008) Legal requirements, compliance and practice: an industry case study in accessibility. In: 16th IEEE international requirements engineering conference, pp 43–52

  • Cosgrove J (2001) Software engineering and the law. IEEE Softw 18(3):14–16

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Franch X, Palomares C, Quer C, Renault S, De Lazzer F (2010) a metamodel for software requirement patterns. In: 16th international working conference on requirements engineering: foundation for software quality (REFSQ), Essen, Germany, pp 85–90

  • Gitter R (2007) Softwareagenten im elektronischen Geschäftsverkehr – Rechtliche Vorgaben und Gestaltungsvorschläge. Nomos, Baden-Baden

    Google Scholar 

  • Gola P, Klug C, Körffer B, Schomerus R (2012) BDSG Bundesdatenschutzgesetz – Kommentar, 11th edn. Beck, München

    Google Scholar 

  • Guarda P, Zannone N (2009) Towards the development of privacy-aware systems. Inf Softw Technol 51(2):337–350

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hammer V, Pordesch U, Roßnagel A (1993) Betriebliche Telefon- und ISDN-Anlagen rechtsgemäß gestaltet. Springer, Heidelberg

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Henninger S, Corrêa V (2007) Software pattern communities: current practices and challenges. In: CSE Technical Reports, ACM, paper 52

  • Hoffmann A, Schulz T, Hoffmann H, Jandt S, Roßnagel A, Leimeister JM (2012) Towards the use of software requirement patterns for legal requirements. In: Seyff N, Madhavji NH (eds) 2nd international requirements engineering efficiency workshop (REEW 2012) at REFSQ 2012. ICB, Essen, Germany, pp 50–61

  • Hoffmann A, Bittner EAC, Leimeister JM (2013a) The emergence of mutual and shared understanding in the system development process. In: Doerr J, Opdahl AL (eds) 19th international working conference on requirements engineering: foundation for software quality (REFSQ). Springer, Essen, Germany, pp 174–189

  • Hoffmann A, Hoffmann H, Söllner M (2013b) Fostering initial trust in applications – developing and evaluating requirement patterns for application websites. In: 21th European conference on information systems (ECIS), Utrecht, Netherlands

  • Hoffmann A, Söllner M, Hoffmann H, Leimeister JM (2014) Requirement patterns to support socio-technical system design. In: David K, Geihs K, Leimeister JM, Roßnagel A, Schmidt L, Stumme G, Wacker A (eds) Socio-technical design of ubiquitous computing systems. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 191–209

  • Idecke-Lux S (2000) Der Einsatz von multimedialen Dokumenten bei der Genehmigung von neuen Anlagen nach dem Bundesimmissionsschutz-Gesetz. Nomos, Baden-Baden

    Google Scholar 

  • IEEE (1998) IEEE recommended practice for software requirements specifications. IEEE, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Ishikawa F, Inoue R, Honiden S (2009) Modeling, analyzing and weaving legal interpretations in goal-oriented requirements engineering. In: Proceedings of the 2nd international workshop on requirements engineering and law, pp 39–44

  • ISO 25010 (2011) Systems and software engineering – systems and software quality requirements and evaluation (SQuaRE) – systems and software quality models. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva

  • Jandt S (2008) Vertrauen im Mobile Commerce – Vorschläge für die rechtsverträgliche Gestaltung von Location Based Services. Nomos, Baden-Baden

    Google Scholar 

  • Kiyavitskaya N, Krausova A, Zannone N (2008) Why eliciting and managing legal requirements is hard. In: Proceedings of requirements engineering and law, pp 26–30

  • Massey AK, Otto PN, Anton AI (2009) Prioritizing legal requirements. In: Proceedings of the 2nd international workshop on requirements engineering and law, pp 27–32

  • Maxwell JC, Anton AI (2009) Developing production rule models to aid in acquiring requirements from legal texts. In: 17th IEEE international requirements engineering conference, pp 101–110

  • Maxwell JC, Antón AI, Swire P (2011) A legal cross-references taxonomy for identifying conflicting software requirements. In: 19th IEEE international requirement engineering conference, pp 197–206

  • Mayring P (2000) Qualitative content analysis. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung (Forum Qual Soc Res) 1(2)

  • Müller J, Handy M (2005) RFID als Technik des Ubiquitous Computing – Eine Gefahr für die Privatsphäre? In: Ferstl OK, Sinz EJ, Eckert S, Isselhorst T (eds) Wirtschaftsinformatik 2005. Physica, Heidelberg, pp 1145–1164

  • Otto PN, Anton AI (2007) Addressing legal requirements in requirements engineering. In: 15th IEEE international requirements engineering conference, pp 5–14

  • Penzenstadler B, Leuser J (2008) Complying with law for RE in the automotive domain. In: Proceedings of requirements engineering and law, pp 11–15

  • Petter S, Khazanchi D, Murphy JD (2010) A design science based evaluation framework for patterns. SIGMIS Database 41(3):9–26. doi:10.1145/1851175.1851177

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pordesch U, Roßnagel A (1994) Elektronische Signaturverfahren rechtsgemäß gestaltet. DuD 2(94):82–91

    Google Scholar 

  • Ranke JS (2004) M-Commerce und seine rechtsadäquate Gestaltung – Vorschläge für vertrauenswürdige mobile Kommunikationsnetze und -dienste. Nomos, Baden-Baden

    Google Scholar 

  • Renault S, Mendez-Bonilla O, Franch X, Quer C (2009a) PABRE: pattern-based requirements elicitation. In: Proceedings of the third international conference on research challenges in information science (RCIS), pp 81–92

  • Renault S, Mendez-Bonilla O, Franch X, Quer C (2009b) A pattern-based method for building requirements documents in call-for-tender processes. Int J Comput Sci Appl 6(5):175–202

    Google Scholar 

  • Robertson S, Robertson J (2006) Mastering the requirements process. Addison-Wesley Professional, Boston

    Google Scholar 

  • Roßnagel A (1989) Freiheit im Griff: Informationsgesellschaft und Grundgesetz. Hirzel, Stuttgart

    Google Scholar 

  • Roßnagel A (1993) Rechtswissenschaftliche Technikfolgenforschung: Umrisse einer Forschungsdisziplin. Nomos, Baden-Baden

    Google Scholar 

  • Roßnagel A (2008) Rechtswissenschaftliche Gestaltung der Informationstechnik. In: Von Kortzfleisch HF, Bohl O (eds) Wissen, Vernetzung, Virtualisierung. Eul, Köln

  • Siena A, Mylopoulos J, Perini A, Susi A (2008) From laws to requirements. In: Proceedings of requirements engineering and law, pp 6–10

  • Steidle R (2005) Multimedia-Assistenten im Betrieb – Datenschutz-rechtliche Anforderungen, rechtliche Regelungs- und technische Gestaltungsvorschläge für mobile Agentensysteme. DUV, Wiesbaden

    Google Scholar 

  • Toval A, Olmos A, Piattini M (2002) Legal requirements reuse: a critical success factor for requirements quality and personal data protection. In: 10th IEEE international requirements engineering conference, pp 95–103

  • Withall S (2008) Software requirement patterns. Microsoft Press, Redmont

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Axel Hoffmann.

Additional information

Accepted after one revision by Prof. Dr. Jarke.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (PDF 51 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hoffmann, A., Schulz, T., Zirfas, J. et al. Legal Compatibility as a Characteristic of Sociotechnical Systems. Bus Inf Syst Eng 57, 103–113 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12599-015-0373-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12599-015-0373-5

Keywords

Navigation