Rare Metals

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 209–219 | Cite as

Empirical model to predict mass gain of cobalt electroless deposition on ceramic particles using response surface methodology

  • Akbar Heidarzadeh
  • Reza Taherzadeh Mousavian
  • Rasoul Azari Khosroshahi
  • Yalda A. Afkham
  • Hesam Pouraliakbar


This investigation was undertaken to predict the mass gain (MG) of cobalt electroless deposition (ED) on ceramic SiC particles. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on a full factorial design with three ED parameters and 30 runs was used to conduct the experiments and to establish a mathematical model by means of Design-Expert software. Three ED parameters considered were pH, bath temperature and ceramic particle morphology. Analysis of variance was applied to validate the predicted model. The results of confirmation analysis by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) show that the developed models are reasonably accurate. The pH is the most effective parameter for the MG. Also, the highest mass gain is obtained for the lowest pH, highest bath temperatures and heat-treated SiC particles. In addition, the developed model shows that the optimal parameters to get a maximum value of mass gain are pH, bath temperature and ceramic particle state of 8, 70 °C and heat treatment, respectively.


Electroless deposition Cobalt SiC particles Mathematical model Response surface method 


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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringAzarbaijan Shahid Madani UniversityTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Materials EngineeringSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran
  3. 3.Department of Advanced MaterialsWorldTech Scientific Research Center (WT-SRC)TehranIran

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