Journal of Optics

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 25–36 | Cite as

Rendering Morpho butterflies based on high accuracy nano-optical simulation

  • Naoki OkadaEmail author
  • Dong Zhu
  • Dongsheng Cai
  • James B. Cole
  • Makoto Kambe
  • Shuichi Kinoshita
Research Article


A rendering method, based on high accuracy nano-optical simulations, is developed and applied to render the iridescent colors of the Morpho butterfly. The wings of the male display blue structural colors and backscatterings. In order to capture the Morpho butterfly features, subwavelength interactions on the scales must be rigorously taken into account. We calculate optical interference in the subwavelength scale structure using the high accuracy nonstandard finite-difference time-domain method, and validate the results by comparing with experimental measurements. Using our simulation results, realistic Morpho butterfly images are rendered.


Morpho butterfly Iridescence Photorealistic rendering FDTD simulation Physically based model 



We deeply appreciate the financial support of Grant-in-Aid for Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Fellows.

Supplementary material

Supplementary Material

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Copyright information

© Optical Society of India 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoki Okada
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dong Zhu
    • 2
  • Dongsheng Cai
    • 1
  • James B. Cole
    • 1
  • Makoto Kambe
    • 2
  • Shuichi Kinoshita
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Systems and Information EngineeringUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Frontier BiosciencesOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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