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Studies on Growth, Behavior and Blood Profile in Anabas testudineus Infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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Abstract

The present paper deals with the pathogenicity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the airbreathing fish, Anabas testudineus (Bloch, 1792). The fishes were intraperitoneally injected with experimental bacterial suspension at the dose of T1—2.0 × 102 CFU/ml, T2—2.0 × 103 CFU/ml, T3—2.0 × 104 CFU/ml, T4—2.0 × 105 CFU/ml and T5—2.0 × 106 CFU/ml. The result showed significant decrease in the values of red blood cells and haemoglobin in infected fish. However, the values of white blood cells and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration increased significantly (p < 0.05) in the infected fish. Liver enzymes like alkaline phosphatase, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase showed significantly (p < 0.05) higher values in the treated fish compared to healthy fish. Changes in behavior and histopathological alterations were observed in the experimental fishes along with the decrease in length and loss in body weight. Necrosis and hyperplasia in the gills, liver and kidney tissues were also evident in the infected fish.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the University of Kalyani for providing infrastructural facilities and financial support for this research work.

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SH, Prof. PKB and Dr. KM conceived, designed the study and analyzed the data. The microbiological and histological experiment designed by SH and Prof. PKB; fish behavioral, biochemical and growth related experiment designed by Dr. KM. Ms. SH wrote the manuscript while other authors read, commented and finalized the current manuscript.

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Correspondence to Probir Kumar Bandyopadhyay.

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Haque, S., Bandyopadhyay, P.K. & Mondal, K. Studies on Growth, Behavior and Blood Profile in Anabas testudineus Infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Proc Zool Soc 74, 19–27 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-020-00330-w

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-020-00330-w

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