Advertisement

Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 83, Issue 2, pp 191–197 | Cite as

First record of metazoan eggs and embryos from early Cambrian Chert Member of Deo ka Tibba Formation, Tal Group, Uttarakhand Lesser Himalaya

  • V. K. MathurEmail author
  • Sabyasachi Shome
  • Shambhu Nath
  • R. Babu
Research Articles

Abstract

The phosphatized globular to sub-oval metazoan eggs with distinctively ornamented covering and phosphatized polar lobe forming embryos are recorded for the first time from the black phosphatic chert lenticles and bands of early Cambrian Chert Member of Deo ka Tibba Formation, Tal Group, Uttarakhand Lesser Himalaya. Similar metazoan eggs have been recorded earlier from early Cambrian rocks of Shaanxi Province, China, northwestern Canada, Australia, Mongolia, Siberia and Kazakhstan. These eggs are found in association with Small Shelly Fossils (SSF) and may belong to them. However, polar lobe forming embryos have been earlier recorded from Neoproterozoic rocks of southwestern China only. Similar embryos are common in modern molluscs and bilaterians.

Keywords

Metazoan Eggs Embryos Early Cambrian Lesser Himalaya Uttarakhand 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Azmi, R.J. (1983) Microfauna and age of the Lower Tal Phosphorite of Mussoorie Syncline, Garhwal Lesser Himalaya. Himalayan Geol., v.11, pp.373–409.Google Scholar
  2. Azmi, R.J., Joshi, H.N. and Juyal, K.P. (1981) Discovery of Cambro — Ordovician conodonts from the Mussoorie Tal Phosphorite: its significance in the correlation of the Lesser Himalaya, In: A.K. Sinha (Ed.), Contemporary Science Research, Himalaya, pp.245–250.Google Scholar
  3. Bengtson, S. and Zhao, Y. (1997) Fossilised metazoan embryos from the earliest Cambrian. Science, v.277, pp.1645–1648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bengston, S., Conway, M., Cooper, B.J., Jell, P.A. and Runnegar, B.N. (1990) Early Cambrian fossils from South Australia. Association of Australasian Palaeontologists Memoir, v.9, 364p.Google Scholar
  5. Bhatt, D.K., Mamgain, V.D. and Misra, R.S. (1985) Small shelly fossils of early Cambrian (Tommotian) age from Chert Phosphorite Member, Tal Formation, Mussoorie Syncline, Lesser Himalaya, India and their chronostratigraphic evaluation. Jour. Pal. Soc. India, v.30, pp.93–102.Google Scholar
  6. Bhatt, D.K., Mamgain, V.D., Misra, R.S. and Srivastava, J.P. (1983) Shelly microfossils of Tommotian age (Lower Cambrian) from Chert Phosphorite Member of Lower Tal Formation, Maldeota, Dehradun district, Uttar Pradesh. Geophytology, v.13(1), pp.116–123.Google Scholar
  7. Braiser, M.D. and Singh, P. (1987) Microfossils and Precambrian — Cambrian boundary Stratigraphy at Maldeota, Lesser Himalaya. Geol. Magz., v.124(4), pp.323–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Browder, L.W., Erickson, C.A. and Jeffery, W.R. (1991) Developmental Biology. Saunders, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  9. Chen, J-Y, Bottjer, D. J., Davidson, E. H., Dornbos, S.Q., Gao, X., Yang, Y-H, Li, c-w, Li, G., WANG, X-Q., Xian, D-C., Wu, H-J., Hwu, y-k. and Tafforeau, P. (2006) Phosphatised polar lobe forming embryos from the Precambrian of SW China. Science, v.312, pp.1644–1646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Conn, D.B. (2000) Atlas of invertebrate reproduction and development.Willy, 2 ed.Google Scholar
  11. Cook, P.J. and Shergold, J.H. (1984) Phosphorous, phosphorites and skeletal evolution at the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. Nature, v.308, pp.231–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cook, P.J. and Shergold, J.H. (1986) Proterozoic and Cambrian phosphorites — nature and origin. In: P.J. Cook and J.H. Shergold (Eds.), Phosphate deposits of the world. 1. Proterozoic and Cambrian phosphorites. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.36386.Google Scholar
  13. Knoll, A.H., Narbonne, G.M., Walter, M.R. and Chrieste-Blick, N. (2006) The Ediacaran Period: a new addition to the geologic time scale. Lethaia, v.39, pp.13–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kumar, G., Bhatt, D.K. and Raina, B.K. (1987) Skeletal microfauna of Meishucunian and Qiongzhusian (Precambrian — Cambrian boundary) age from the Ganga Valley, Lesser Himalaya, India. Geol. Magz., v.124(2), pp.167–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar, G., Shanker, R., Mathur, V.K. and Maithy, P.K. (2000) Maldeota Section, Mussoorie Syncline, Krol Belt, Lesser Himalaya, India: A candidate for Global Startotype Section and Point for Terminal Proterozoic System. Geoscience Jour., v.XXI(1), pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
  16. Mathur, V.K., Mishra, V.P. and Nath, Shambhu. (2009) Discovery of animal eggs and embryo from from the Ediacaran (Terminal Proterozoic) Chambaghat Formation, Krol Group, Himachal Lesser Himalaya. Jour. Pal. Soc. India, v.74, pp.498–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Macbride, E.W. (1914) Text Book of Embryology. Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
  18. Missarzhevsky, V.V. and Mambetoav, A.J. (1981) Stratigrphy and fauna of Cambrian and Precambrian boundary beds of Maly Karatau. Trudy Akademii Nauka SSSR, Moscow, 326p.Google Scholar
  19. Prasad, B., Maithy, P.K., Kumar, G. and Raina, B.K. (1990) Precambrian-Cambrian acritarchs from the Blaini-Krol-Tal sequence of Mussoorie Syncline, Garhwal Lesser Himalaya, India. Memoir Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.16, pp.19–32.Google Scholar
  20. Pyle, L.J., Narbonne, G.M., Nowlan, G.S., Xiao, S. and James, N.P. (2006) Early Cambrian metazoan eggs, embryos and phosphatic microfossils from NW China. Palaeobiology, v.80(5), pp.811–825.Google Scholar
  21. Qian, Y. (1977) Hyolitha and some problematica and biostratigraphy of the Early Cambrian Meishucunian Stage in central and southwestern China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, v.16, pp.255–275.Google Scholar
  22. Qian, Y. and Bengston, S. (1989) Palaeontology and biostratigraphy of the Early Cambrian Meishucunian Stage in Yunnan Province, South China. Fossils and Strata, v.24, pp.1–156.Google Scholar
  23. Shanker, R., Kumar, G., Mathur, V.K. and Joshi, A. (1993) Stratigraphy of Blaini-Infra Krol-Tal succession in Krol belt, Lesser Himalaya, India. Ind. Jour. Petr. Geol., v.2(2), pp.99–136.Google Scholar
  24. Shukla, M., Babu, R., Mathur, V.K. and Srivastava, D.K. (2004) First record of euendolithic biota from basal part of Tal Group in Himachal Lesser Himalaya, India. Curr. Sci., v.87(7), pp.868–870.Google Scholar
  25. Sokolov, B.S. and Zhuraleva, I.T. (1983) Lower Cambrian Stage Subdivisions of Siberia, Atlas of Fossils. Trudy Instituta Geologii I Geofiziki SO AN SSSR, v.558, 216p.Google Scholar
  26. Steiner, M., Zhu, M., Li, G., Qian, Yi, and Erdtmann, Bernd-D. (2004) New early Cambrian bilaterian embryos and larvae from China. Geology, v.32(10), pp.833–836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tewari, V.C. (1984) Discovery of Lower Cambrian stromatolites from the Mussoorie Tal Phosphorite, India. Curr. Sci., v.53(6), pp.319–321.Google Scholar
  28. Tewari, M. (1996) Precambrian-Cambrian boundary microbiota from the Chert Phosphorite Member of Tal Formation in the Korgai Syncline, Lesser Himalaya, India. Curr. Sci, v.71, pp.718–719.Google Scholar
  29. Tewari, M. (1999) Organic walled microfossils from the Chert Phosphorite Member, Tal Formation, Precambrian-Cambrian boundary, India. Precambrian Res., v.97, pp.99–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Val’kov, A.K. (1987) Lower Cambrian biostratigraphy of the Eastern Siberian Platform. Nauka, Moscow, 137 p.Google Scholar
  31. Van Waveren, I.M. (1993) Morphology of recent copepod egg envelopes from Turkey Point, Gulf of Mexico, and their implications for acritarch affinity’. In: S.G. Molyneux and K.J. Dorning (Eds.), Contributions to Acritarch and Chitinozoan Research, Special Papers in Palaeontology, v.48, pp.11–124.Google Scholar
  32. Voronin, Y.I., Voronova, L.G., Grigorieva, N. V., Drosdova, N. A., Shegallo, E.A., Zuhuravlev, A. Y., Ragozina, A.L., Rozanov, A. Y., Sayutina, T. A., Syssoiev, V.A. and Fonin, V.D. (1982) The Precambrian/Cambrian boundary in the Geosynclinal areas (The reference section of Salany-Gol, MPR). Transactions of the Joint Soviet-Mongolian Palaeontological Expedition, v.18, 150 p.Google Scholar
  33. Nauka Izdatelstvo, Moscow. Venkatachala, B S., Shukla, M., Shanker, R., Mathur, V.K. and Srivastava, M.C. (1992) Stratigraphical significance of Precambrian-Cambrian acritarchs from Blaini-Krol-Tal succession of Garwhal Syncline, Lesser Himalaya, India. In: IVth I.O.P. Conference, Paris (Abstract).Google Scholar
  34. Wilby, P.R. and Briggs, D.E.G. (1997) Taxonomic trends in the resolution of detail preserved in fossil phosphatized soft tissues. Geobios, Memoire Spec., v.20, pp.493–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Xing Yusheng, Ding Qixiu, Luo Huilin, Hetinggui and Wang Yangeng. (1984) The Sinian — Cambrian boundary of China and its related problems. Geol. Mag., v.121, pp.155–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yue, Z. and Bengston, S. (1999) Embryonic and post-embryonic development of the Early Cambrian cnidarian Olivooides. Lethaia, v.32, pp. 181–195.Google Scholar
  37. Yin, C., Bengston, S. and Yue, Z. (2004) Silicified and phosphatized Tianzhushania, spheriodal microfossils of possible animal origin from the Neoproterozoic of South China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v.49(1), pp. 1–12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Geological Society of India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. K. Mathur
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sabyasachi Shome
    • 1
  • Shambhu Nath
    • 1
  • R. Babu
    • 2
  1. 1.Palaeontology Division, Northern RegionGeological Survey of IndiaLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Birbal Sahni Institute of PalaeobotanyLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations