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Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 77, Issue 2, pp 105–112 | Cite as

Understanding the tectonic behaviour of the Shillong Plateau, India using remote sensing data

  • B. P. DuarahEmail author
  • Sarat Phukan
Article

Abstract

Shillong Plateau in India is tectonically and geologically interesting entity in the subducted front of Indian Plate below Burmese Plate to the southeast and Tibetan Plate to the north and associated with thrusts and shears along the plate boundaries. Horse-tail geometry in the foothills of the Arunachal Himalaya, east of Jia Bhareli river, associated with south-convex foothill ranges in the eastern Himalaya and exactly similar structural geometry in the eastern part of Shillong Plateau in Meghalaya seems to develop due to resistance received by the plateau in its eastward journey. Wide separation of Karbi Anglong Plateau and Shillong Plateau to the southeast as compared to northwestern part defines the shape of Kopili graben. Low seismic activity in southeastern part of Shillong Plateau might be related to stress released field generated by its clockwise rotation. Satellite derived images and digital elevation data from Landsat ETM+ and SRTM data shows that the central part of Shillong Plateau possesses young topography with strong structural fabrics along with relatively high topography aligning NE-SW following Kolkota-Pabna-Mymansingh High and if extended passes through western part of Arunachal Pradesh in eastern Himalayas. This alignment has been observed in Precambrian gneissic complex west of the Proterozoic intracratonic Shillong Basin. The epicentral plot for the period 1918 to 2009 shows their high concentration within the Shillong Plateau aligning along this trend. The active geodynamics of Shillong Plateau is reflected in its seismic activity pattern in relation with the structural fabrics, northward migration of the Brahmaputra in the north front of the Plateau and by shrinking pattern of Chandubi Lake in the Kulsi river catchment, a north-flowing tributary of the Brahmaputra in the north-central part of the plateau.

Keywords

Landsat ETM+ SRTM data Tectonics Geodynamics Shillong plateau Brahmaputra migration Himalaya 

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Copyright information

© Geological Society of India 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesGauhati UniversityGuwahatiIndia

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