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International Journal of Plastics Technology

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 370–396 | Cite as

Plantain fibre particle reinforced HDPE (PFPRHDPE) for gas line piping design

  • C. C. Ihueze
  • A. E. Oluleye
  • C. E. Okafor
  • C. M. Obele
  • J. Abdulrahman
  • S. Obuka
  • R. Ajemba
Research Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

This work targets the emergence of new composite material of plantain fibre particles filler and high density polyethylene matrix. Three particle sizes of plantain fibres, 75, 150 and 300 µm were produced, modified and used to compose high density matrix composite of three volume fraction with injection molding machine following appropriate ASTM standard test specifications. Taguchi robust design was used to plan the experiment and the optimum responses of tensile, flexural, impact and hardness values were determined. The ultimate tensile strength of the new material, plantain fibre particle reinforced high density polyethylene (PFPRHDPE) was used to determine burst pressure of some pipeline pipe schedules to be used for flow line design while yield strength of PFPRHDPE was used to determine the design pressures of some pipeline pipe schedules using ASTM B31.8 standard code equations. Also determined was the material toughness requirement to prevent fracture propagation of pipeline pipes. Pressure drops due to friction and fittings of pipelines as well as structural integrity of the new material were also evaluated and certified. PFPRHDPE was successfully developed as new material having enough tensile strength, yield strength, toughness and very low water absorption to be used in the design of crude oil flow lines. The density of the new material favours design of pipelines of light weight and pipelines of high specific properties. The new material when in place solves the problems associated with corrosion in oil and gas product systems.

Keywords

Plantain Fibre Gas line Piping Design 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We specially thank the Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) Nigeria that sponsored this research through a grant to design oil and gas facilities using plastics reinforced with plantain fibres. We are also grateful to Akigwe Farms at Awka, Anambra state for allowing our team to source plantain stems from their plantain plantation. We are also grateful to Dr. Ewulonu of the department of Polymer and Textile Engineering of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka for supervising and carrying out all the tensile tests experiment. We are also grateful to Engr. Umembamalu of Chemical Engineering of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka for assisting and carrying out all the chemical treatment experiments.

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Copyright information

© Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. C. Ihueze
    • 1
  • A. E. Oluleye
    • 2
  • C. E. Okafor
    • 3
  • C. M. Obele
    • 4
  • J. Abdulrahman
    • 5
  • S. Obuka
    • 6
  • R. Ajemba
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Industrial, Production EngineeringNnamdi Azikiwe UniversityAwkaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Industrial and Production EngineeringUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNnamdi Azikiwe UniversityAwkaNigeria
  4. 4.Department of Polymer and Textile EngineeringNnamdi Azikiwe UniversityAwkaNigeria
  5. 5.Hydraulic Equipment Development InstituteKanoNigeria
  6. 6.Department of Mechanical EngineeringEnugu State University of Science and TechnologyEnuguNigeria
  7. 7.Department of Chemical EngineeringNnamdi Azikiwe UniversityAwkaNigeria

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