Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 307–325 | Cite as

Multi-Stage Basin Development and Hydrocarbon Accumulations: A Review of the Sichuan Basin at Eastern Margin of the Tibetan Plateau

  • Shugen Liu
  • Bin Deng
  • Luba Jansa
  • Zhiwu Li
  • Wei Sun
  • Guozhi Wang
  • Zhili Luo
  • Ziquan Yong
Petroleum Geology
  • 89 Downloads

Abstract

Sichuan Basin is one of the uppermost petroliferous basins in China. It experienced three evolutionary phases which were marine carbonate platform (Ediacaran to Late Triassic), Indosinian-Yanshanian orogeny foreland basin (Late Triassic to Late Cretaceous) and uplift and tectonic modification (Late Cretaceous to Quaternary). The present-day tectonics of the Sichuan Basin and its periphery are characterized by three basic elements which are topography, basement type and surface structure, and two settings (plate margin and interior). Therefore, be subdivided into five units which have different structure and tectonic history. The basin contains five different sets of source rocks with thickness up to 2 500 m. These source rocks were well preserved due to the presence of Middel–Lower Triassic evaporites (>∼200 m) and thick terrestrial sediments filling in the Indosinian-Yanshanian foreland basin (>3 000 m). The uplift and erosion since Late Cretaceous has significant influence on cross-strata migration and accumulation of oil and gas. The multi-phase evolution of the basin and its superimposed tectonic elements, good petroleum geologic conditions and diverse petroleum systems reveal its bright exploration prospects.

Key words

multi-stage basin hydrocarbon accumulation Sichuan Basin eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2012CB214805), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41230313, 41402119, 2017JQ0025, 41472017, 41572111). We are thankful to Frank Thomas for review of the English in the manuscript. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-017-0904-8.

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and ExploitationChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  2. 2.Geological Survey of Canada-AtlanticDartmouth N.S.Canada

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