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Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 326–341 | Cite as

A Transgressive Depositional Setting for the Paleogene Shahejie Formation in the Qikou Depression, Eastern China: Inferences from the REE Geochemistry of Carbonates

  • Yang Yang
  • Fuhong Gao
  • Changwei Chen
  • Xiugang Pu
Petroleum Geology
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Rare earth element (REE) and Y concentrations, and 87Sr/86Sr ratios were analyzed in 33 carbonate samples from the Paleogene Shahejie Formation in the Qikou depression, eastern China, with the goal of determining depositional environments and post-depositional conditions of carbonates in the region. The REE and Y concentrations were normalized to the post-Archean Australian shale (PAAS) standard. The La*PAAS/Yb*PAAS ratios of 0.35–1.52, where *PAAS indicates values for the PAAS standard, show light REE enrichment and heavy REE depletion in most samples. Values of La*PAAS (0.775–1.284) and Ce*PAAS (0.822–1.224), coupled with a relatively flat REE distribution, indicate that the Shahejie carbonates were deposited in lacustrine environments. Values of Y anomalies (1.009–1.527) and Y/Ho ratios (28.43–45.00) in the Shahejie Formation are greater than those of lacustrine carbonates and closer to those of marine carbonates, indicating that diagenetic fluids were probably influenced by seawater. In the carbonates from Well Kou-42, Eu anomalies (1.171–1.604), 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.708 001–0.710 893), and high homogenization temperatures (104–151 ºC) suggest that the carbonates were affected by hydrothermal fluids. The REEs and Sr isotope ratios show that the carbonates from the Shahejie Formation in the Qikou depression were deposited in lacustrine environments, and were influenced by seawater and hydrothermal fluids.

Key words

Paleogene carbonate REE Qikou depression 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the staff of the State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China, for their advice and assistance during isotopic analysis. This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41502145), and the Education Department of Jilin Province (Jijiaokehezi, No. 2016-313). The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-017-0759-z.

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Prospecting & Surveying EngineeringChangchun Institute of TechnologyChangchunChina
  2. 2.College of Earth SciencesJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.Research Institute of Exploration and DevelopmentDagang Oilfield Company, CNPCTianjinChina

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