Simple and inexpensive technique for measuring oxygen consumption rate in adherent cultured cells
Measurement of cellular oxygen consumption rate (OCR) is essential in assessing roles of mitochondria in physiology and pathophysiology. Classical techniques, in which polarographic oxygen electrode measures the extracellular oxygen concentration in a closed measuring vessel, require isolation and suspension of the cell. Because cell functions depend on the extracellular milieu including the extracellular matrix, isolation of cultured cells prior to the measurement may significantly affect the OCR. More recent techniques utilize optical methods in which oxygen-dependent quenching of fluorophores determines oxygen concentration in the medium at a few microns above the surface of the cultured cells. These techniques allow the OCR measurement in cultured cells adhered to the culture dish. However, this technique requires special equipment such as a fluorescence lifetime microplate reader or specialized integrated system, which are usually quite expensive. Here, we introduce a simple and inexpensive technique for measuring OCR in adherent cultured cells that utilizes conventional fluorescence microscopy and a glassware called a gap cover glass.
KeywordsOxygen consumption Mitochondria Respiration Oxygen measurement
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Part of this work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 26430117.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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