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Clinical implications of left atrial function assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography

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Abstract

Left atrial (LA) function has a significant impact on cardiovascular diseases and has been assessed by several noninvasive methods. However, several limitations, including the dependence of image quality, single plane assessment, and time-consuming procedures, have prevented widespread clinical application of the assessment of LA function. Strain imaging using tissue Doppler echocardiography enables quantification of LA function. Recently, two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) has been developed as a noninvasive, simple, and reproducible tool for assessment of LA function in patients with cardiovascular disease. 2D-STE enables detection of early LA dysfunction even before LA morphological changes. LA dysfunction determined by 2D-STE can provide additional prognostic information to conventional echocardiographic parameters in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Hence, 2D-STE appears to be a promising technique for diagnosis and therapeutic decision-making. However, standardization of analysis techniques and software applications of 2D-STE is still lacking. Here, we review recent studies on clinical implications of LA function assessed by 2D-STE and summarize the remaining problems to be solved to improve the clinical utility of this tool.

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Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Yukiko Oi, MT, Kenji Yasui, MT, Atsushi Mochizuki, MD, Hitomi Yamamoto-Masuda, MD, and Tomoaki Nakata, MD, PhD, for their support in data collection and analysis.

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Correspondence to Satoshi Yuda.

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Yuda, S., Muranaka, A. & Miura, T. Clinical implications of left atrial function assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography. J Echocardiogr 14, 104–112 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12574-016-0283-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12574-016-0283-7

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