Resilience and child malnutrition in Mali
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Despite increasing attention to resilience, the link between resilience and child malnutrition in Africa has so far never been empirically explored. Using detailed survey data from Mali, this paper examines whether the resilience capacity of households is a determinant of child malnutrition. After estimating the Resilience Capacity Index (RCI) by using a Structural Equation Model, an instrumental variable approach was followed. The impact of resilience capacity on child malnutrition was estimated by using the institutional presence of the state as an instrument for the RCI. Furthermore, the analysis captures differences in the relationship between resilience and the institutional presence of the state across regions. The empirical evidence presented here demonstrates that higher resilience capacity is associated with both lower probability of having malnourished children and a lower number of malnourished children in the household.
KeywordsResilience Malnutrition Structural equation model Instrumental variable Mali
The authors are thankful for all the support received, especially from our colleagues at the World Bank and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) for the data and ideas provided. We would especially like to thank Professor Handa and his team, as well as Tiziano Arduini, for very helpful comments and suggestions. We are grateful to the participants at the UNU-MERIT 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Development in Africa in Dakar, Senegal, and the 2015 Resilience, Research and Innovation Conference in Djibouti. We also want to acknowledge the contributions of our colleagues from the World Bank in Mali: Mr. Yele Maweki Batana, Ms. Dorsati Madani, Mr. Patrick Hoang-Vu Eozenou and Mr. Rob Swinkles.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declared that they have no conflict of interest.
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